Thursday, October 22, 2020

Somalia: Political Season and Personal Ambitions

By Faisal A. Roble

Somali politics is Machiavellian in that office seekers place extreme emphasis not on the people’s electoral experience but on the use of money and manipulation to victory. In such a Machiavellian scheme, personal rule has always been and is a prominent feature of Somali politics.

In the seminal book coauthored by Robert H. Jackson and Carl G. Rosberg, “Personal Rule in Black Africa,” Somali politics in the era of the late dictator was prominently featured. Similarly, in the 2021 presidential race, one must expect a heightened personality role along with foreign monies—a tool that enable personal ambitions to materialize.

Fancy diplomatic pouches full of US dollars regularly come through the Aden Adde International Airport primarily from Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and the Kingdom of Saud Arabia. Camouflaged as aid packages, crisp dollars flood Somalia’s political theater during this election seasons.

Not immune to this corrupt system are Western countries such as Norway, some of the Scandinavian countries, the US government, the United Nations offices in Mogadishu, and clandestine groups straddled all over the Middle East all of which has tangible role in the Machiavellian Somali political theater.  

Exertion of military power to influence political outcome as well comes from AMISON, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Kenya.  In particular, Eritrea has pivoted as the main destabilizer of Somalia by sending arms through a web of clandestine network.

The sitting president, Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo, whose 4-year term is soon to conclude with no meaningful programmatic gains , is the main client of said foreign interference. The tinny Petro-dollar, yet filthy rich and bold principality of Qatar holds president Farmajo on sway. Through the maverick head of Somalia’s security arm (NISA), Fahad Yasin is widely believed to be the conduit through which Qatar’s money is channeled. Such a scheme gives him an unprecedented sway over Mr. Farmajo.

Unlike other foreign forces, Qatar is aggressive with an appetite for exacting havoc on those who oppose its political client, thus ready to liquidate those who fail to fall in line with its client. It often uses terror, killing opposition personalities, and intimidations through the National Intelligence Agency (NISA) which Qatar bankrolls. A Somali diplomat who declines to speak on the record says that Qatar plays hard ball more than any other forces in the Somali political theater.

 After a Break to Run Somalia, Back at His Cubicle.
Mr. Mohamed at his cubicle in Buffalo working again for New York State government. Credit…Doug Benz for The New York Times (source- New York Times)

The use of Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers to intimidate, if need be to kill, opposition forces is a well-pronounced tool in Farmajo’s reelection calculus. In 2017, Mr. Farmajo authorized the illegal handing over of a Somali national, colonel Qalbidhagax, to Ethiopia – a move that breached both national and international instruments. In June 2018, Prime Minister of Ethiopia released Qalbidhagax from prison partly as a goodwill gesture to the ONLF in exchange for its acceptance of a peace deal Ethiopia. Even, AMISOM is used for political gains by Mr. Farmajo – mainly to intimidate  the masses.

Moreover, in 2019, Mr. Farmajo authorized Ethiopian soldiers in the Southwest regional state to use a consequential force that resulted in the death of over 30 innocent civilians.

As potent as it could be, Mr. Farmajo’s new toolbox in this election season is to include the art of muzzling the electorate of Dir-Waqooyi. By taking advantage of the lack of access by this constituency to Hargeisa or any other site in Somaliland, Mogadishu is decided to be their venue to select its delegates. And this decision, as argued by many Dir-Waqooyi leaders, exposes their electorate to a significant manipulation and exploitation by Mr. Farmajo.

As the most trust individual by Mr. Farmajo, the current Deputy Prime Minister, Khadar Guuleed, whose political signature is inaptitude reading of the region’s history and out-of-the cuffs lectures, is working hard to undermine the integrity of the Dir-Waqooyi’s electorate portion. Instead of using known and credible clan leaders, Mr. Guuleed is busy picking up hitherto unknow 101 individuals to deliver delegates that would vote for Farmajo. Already some have complained to the UN and US embassy. So far, all that they received is deaf ears – an affirmation of how foreign entities are part of the corrupting factors of Somali politics.

A no lesser role is to be played [in this election] is by the deposed Prime Minister, Mr. Hassan Khayre whose financiers allegedly include the country of Norway, from where he holds citizenship and England, which houses Som Oil and Gas. At the time of nominating Mr. Khayre, not only was he on the payroll of this giant oil company, but he was both an investor and Director of SomOil – It is like if Somalis don’t give a damn about conflict of interest!

Hassan Kheire while working for NRC

Benefited from his days of managing the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), where oversight over funds was intentionally lax, Mr. Khayre has used Norwegian funds to employ many Somali technocrats and thus created a web of a network of Somali NGO worker that remain loyal to him. Such network, a cross clan in nature, spans throughout the Somali regions, which gave him a broad-based name recognition.

However, his irresponsible sabotage of Puntland by agitating youngsters in Galkayo and create a political wedge in the most peaceful region will certainly hunt him.

To erase bad past transgressions with regional states, he is currently flirtating with and/or employing Omar Abdi Rashid, who undeservedly enjoys a royalty status in Puntland.

If successful, Mr. Khayre wants to weaponize the brand name of the Sharmarke lineage in search of votes from Puntland and Jubbaland.  As of this week, Mr. Sharmarke arranged for Khayre a one-on-one meeting with Ogaden leaders in Kenya after which Mr. Khayre reportedly agreed to mend broken fences.

Also, to counter Mr. Farmajo’s cozy but subservient relationship with strongman Isais Afwerki, Mr. Khayre banded with the more credible sister country of Djibouti, a country that has more respect in Somalia than erratic Eretria.  For all these reasons, plus his deep pocket with cash, his solid relationship with some Western countries, in addition to his nuanced communication with bosses based in Halane camp may serve Mr. Khayre well during this upcoming election. In short, he is a tough candidate to watch out for in the 2021 race.

As a negative stain on these former allies, there is a four-year record of do-nothing that both leaders cannot run away from. Their project of “Nabad iyo Nolol” (life and peace), markedly lacking vision, extraordinarily corrupt, and never having to have delivered on security or services to the only city the Federal government controls. are inescapable markers of failure.

Their demeaning and abrupt break up where Prime Minister Khayre was fired in a matter of minutes showed all of us how disheveled of leader they have been all along. Such a poor record may dampen their prospect to win the 2021 race.   

Faisal A. Roble
Email: [email protected]
———–
Faisal Roble, a writer, political analyst and a former Editor-in-Chief of WardheerNews, is mainly interested in the Horn of Africa region. He is currently the Principal Planner for the City of Los Angeles in charge of Master Planning, Economic Development and Project Implementation Division


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Magacyada Duuliyeyaashii Diyaaradihii Duqeeyey Hargaysa 1988 Iyo Qabaa’ilka Ay Kasoo Jeedaan

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Magacyada Duuliyeyaashii Diyaaradihii Duqeeyey Hargaysa 1988 Iyo Qabaa’ilka Ay Kasoo Jeedaan

October 22, 2020 | Published by: yaska Xigmad uu reebay madaxweynihii hore ee Koonfur Afrika Mandela ayaa ahayd” Forgive, but never forget their names”, oo nuxur ahaan noqonaysa, in cadowgii dhibta kuu geystay aad saamixi karto, hasayeeshee aanad magacyadood iloobin. Waxa nasiib wanaag ah inuu maalmahan Hargaysa uu ku sugan yahay mudane Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud ‘Axmed dheere’, oo damiirkiisu siin waayey inuu xasuuqo dad maati ah oo qaxayey ama goobo ay ku qaxeen ku sugnaa. Axmed Dheer wuxuu go’aansaday oo uu doorbiday inuu la fakado diyaaraddii uu waday oo ahayd Miig 17, uu 13 Juulay 1988 uu si geesinimo leh ugu dejiyo xeebta Jabuuti. Go’aankaa uu qaatay Axmed dheer wuxuu noqday mid taariikhda shicibka Soomaalilaan baal dahab ah kaga suntan. Waxaanu adduunka u caddeeyey in xasuuqdii shicibka Hargaysa lagu hayey uu ka markhaati kacay. Abaalkaasi uu shicibka Hargaysa gashaday Axmed Dheere waa kaa sannad kasta oo uu Hargaysa yimaado casuumado iyo soo dhaweyn aan kala go’ lahayn uu kala kulmo shicibkii uu ka badbaadiyey gantaalihii ay siday diyaaradii loo dhiibay ee soo laa lagu yidhi. Madaxdii duuliyeyaasha amraysay ee Hargaysa u soo wareegay waxa ay kala ahaayeen: Khaliif Ciise Yuusuf (Majeerteen) taliyihii ciidanka cirka Ballidoogle. Faarax Siciid (Majeerteen) taliyihii ciidanka cirka Hargaysa. Maxamed Aadan Dirir (Mareexaan) taliyihii ciidankii cirka Berbera. Magacyada Duuliyeyaashii Hargaysa Duqeeyey = Yuusuf Maxamuud Maxamed (Majeerteen)..Duuliye Miig 17 = Mursal Xaaji Axmed ‘Muufo’ ( Abgaal)…Duuliye Miig 19 = Maxamed Xasan Raage (Xawaadle)….Duuliye Miig 19 = Xuseen Aadan Ibraahin (Gadabuursi)…Duuliye Miig 19 = Axmed Gurxan Hoore ( Ogaadeen)…….Duuliye Miig 19 = Maxamed Axmed Xaayow (Abgaal)……Duuliye  Miig 19 = Xirsi Maxamed Faarax (Mareexaan)……Duuliye Miig 19 = Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud ( Mareexaan)….Duuliye CESNA = Suufi Jeylaani Maxamed (Barawaani)…..Duuliye CESNA = Faarax Xaaji Salaad (Majeerteen)….Duuliye CESNA = Yuusuf Juseeb ( Majeerteen)….Duuliye CESNA = Xasan Yare (Ogaadeen)….Duuliye CESNA = Maxamuud Xaaji Warsame (Dhulbahante)….Duuliye Hunter = Maxamed Khaliif Isaaq (Raxanweyn)……….Duuliye Hunter Intii ku dhimatay intii ay duqeynta wadeen ee gantaal Eebbe ku dhacay oo cillad farsamo darteed u dhacday waxa ay kala ahaayeen: = Maxamed Xasan Raage (Xawaadle)…….Duuliye Miig 19 = Xuseen Aadan Ibraahin (Gadabuursi)…Duuliye Miig 19 = Axmed Gurxan Hoori (Ogaadeen)…Duuliye  Miig 19 = Maxamed Axmed Xaayow (Abgaal)….Duuliye Miig 19 = Maxamed Khaliif Isaaq (Raxanweyn)…Duuliye Miig 19 Cali Cabdi Coomay Suxufi, qoraa ah.  Hargaysa, Soomaalilaan

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Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Linkedin LINE Taliska Booliska Magaalada Beledweyne ayaa waxaa ay faah fahin ka bixiyeen sababaha keenay inay joojiyaan banaanbax ay dadka reer Beledweyne ku muujinayeen sida ay uga soo horjeedaan habka lagu wado dhismaha Hir-Shabelle.Taliyaha Saldhiga Booliska Beledweyne laba Xidigle Maxamed Maxamuud Qoorsheel ayaa sheegay in aan magaalada Baladweyne lagu qaban karin banaabax aan laamaha Amaanka ka war qabin laguna soo wargelin.Shir Jaraa’id uu Warbaahinta ugu qabtay Magaalada Beledweyne ayuu ku sheegay taliyaha in ay talaabo ka qaadi doonan cid kasta oo banaanbax aan la ogeyn ku qabata magaalada.Banaanbax loogaga soo horjeedo hanaanka dhismaha maamul u sameynta Hirshabelle ayaa shalay ka dhacay magaalada Jalalaqsi.Waxaa jira weli khilaaf ku saabsan dhismaha maamulka Hirshabelle iyadoo mid kamid ah beelaha ugu waaweyn Hirshabelle ay ka soo horjeedo habka loo marayo hannaanka dhismaha Maamulka Hirshabelle. Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Linkedin LINE Previous articleMaamulka Puntland oo gudbiyay Xubnaha Guddiyada Doorashada iyo Xalinta Khilaafaadka

Security actors in Somalia need to rethink strategy

By Hassan Malik Mohamed, The Star There is virtually no African country with a conflict that matches the bloody disaster in Somalia. Protracted inter-clan conflicts and the unending al Shabaab insurgency has transformed this Horn of Africa country into a large-scale human slaughterhouse. Al Shabaab militants during training at an unidentified location in Somalia. Image: FILE The menace has also gradually and varingly spilled into neighbouring East African countries—Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. However, as if this destructive spill is not enough for al Shabaab, the group has lately spread its tentacles to Mozambique, a distant South African country, in a worrying trend that demonstrates its bloody resilience and dynamism. The latest attack by al Shabaab in Mozambique has displaced 300,000 people. Withal, one extremely important question that needs asking is: how did this terrorist group manage to expand its human slaughterhouse from Mogadishu to Mozambique when there is a host of active foreign peace actors in Somalia such as Amisom, Turkey, the United States and some gulf countries such as Qatar which are active in either military intervention and, or investments in terms of manpower capacity building, money and machines? The above question is necessary because ideally, al Shabaab ought to have been on its deathbed by now given the various external military assistance to Somalia in the past decade. But I don’t expect easy and simple answers, especially after I recently read a very revealing book on the group and its social impact titled: Everything you have told me is true: The many faces of al Shabaab by senior BBC journalist Mary Harper who is an expert on matters Somalia. In the book, Harper states that even the very question of who is a supporter of al Shabaab is not a “black and white” issue as support reaches them variously like through collusions and the million-dollars revenue collections from Somalia’s illegal sugar and charcoal trade. Apparently, the collusions are so pervasive that al Shabaab can easily find information about someone’s activities anywhere in Somalia. The very title of Harper’s book is partly her bewildered confirmative response to a strange phone call conversation with an al Shabaab operative who ringed her to share his detailed knowledge of her whereabouts in Somalia in what showed that the group has eyes and ears almost everywhere in the country. A similar shocking exposition of the pervasive penetration of al Shabaab in Somalia was recently shared by the former deputy head of Somalia’s intelligence agency, NISA, Abdisalan Guled, in a lengthy media interview with a Somalia-owned TV station. Abdisalan said the weak state of institutions in Somalia has complicatedly left the heavy weight of internal decision making in the country on just two people: President Farmajo and Fahad Yassin, who is the intelligence chief. All these setbacks point to the need for a strong and congruent counter penetration and subsequent extirpation against al Shabaab. I find it very unfortunate that for example each peace actor in Somalia is apparently doing their own thing in the area of capacity building for Somali security forces instead of having a synchronised training model. This only creates a disjointed and disparate Somali security manpower in the face of a uniform and rampantly menacing enemy. To whose benefit is this messy security disaster in Somalia? The status quo only benefits al Shabaab and those entities —Somali and non-Somali — with vested interests that have turned Somalia’s security woes into a huge transactional security industry and a point of chaotic plunder through the divide and rule policy. But it is never too late to change the crisis. An urgent meeting of all the national and external peace actors should be convened to discuss how to formulate a decisive and coherent strategy for defeating the terror outfit. Source: The Star

This post first appeared on WardheerNews. Read the https://wardheernews.com/somalia-political-season-and-personal-ambitions/original article