Thursday, October 22, 2020

Sidii loo mideeyey gobollada Xijaas iyo Najd ee boqortooyada Sucuudigu ku dhalatay

2 Saacadood ka hor

Boqor Cabdicasiis Aal Sucuud, ninkii aasaasay boqortooyada Sucuudiga ee haatan

Sannadkii 2005 ayaa boqorkii geeriyooday ee Sucuudiga, Boqor Cabdallah Bin Cabdicasiis, u asteeyey 23 bisha Sebtember in ay noqoto maalinta qaranimada Boqortooyada Sucuudiga, waana maalin fasax ah. Hadaba maxaa maalintaa lagu doortay?

Sida ku taal Encylopedia Britanica, oo ah buugaag iyo shabakad lagu kaydiyo macluumaadka, taariikhda Sucuudigu waxay si rasmi ah uga soo bilaabantaa 23 Sebtember 1932, waagaas oo qaraar boqortooyo oo rasmi ah lagu mideeyey gobolladii Xijaas iyo Najd iyo dhulalkii kale ee ay xukumi jireen oo magaca rasmiga ah ee dalka laga dhigay Boqortooyada Sucuudi Carabiya.

Waxaanay xogtaasi inaa ku daraysaa in ujeedada ugu weyn ee tallaabadaa loo qaaday ahayd in la adkeeyo midnimada boqortooyada oo meesha laga saaro suurto galnimada gobolkii Xijaas gaar isugu taagi kari lahaa, sidoo kale magaca rasmiga ah ee dalka loo bixiyeyna waxa uu si buuxda u muujinayaa doorka udub dhexaadka ah ee qoyska reer boqor ku lahaayeen asaaska dawladda.

Saddexdii marxaladood ee boqortooyadu soo martay

Sannadkii 1932 ka hor boqortooyadu waxay soo martay geedi dheer oo taariikheed iyo marxalado dhawr ah.

Maxamed Bin Sucuud ayaa markii ugu horraysay dawladda Sucuudiga ka aasaasay Imaaraddii la odhan Darciya sannadkii 1744 markaas oo uu isbahaysi la galay Maxamed Bin Cabdiwahaab, waxaanay reer Sucuud ku guulaysteen in ay mideeyaan gobolkii Najd dagaallo qadhaadh oo muddo socday ka dib.

Arintaasi waxay waagaa ka cadhaysiisay Dawladdii Cismaaniyiinta oo isku dayday in ay baabiiso dawladii ugu horaysay ee Sucuudiga iyada oo amar ku siisay Maxamed Cali Baashaa, badhasaabkeedii Masar ee waagaa inuu gacan bira ku qabto. Wuu ku guulaystay oo wuxuu sannadkii 1818 tirtiray Imaaraddii waagaa la yagleelay.

Dawladdii ku xigtay taas ee Sucuudigu waxay ahayd Imaaraddii la odhan jiray Najd oo uu xukumayey Turki Bin Cabdallah Bin Maxamed Bin Sucuud oo ay Masaaridu ciidamadiisii gacanta ku dhigeen sannadkii 1824. Hase yeeshee dawladdaasi waxay jirtay kolba taagi meel ay dhigtaba ilaa sannadkii 1891, markaas oo ay baabiiyeen qolo la odhan jiray Aal Rashiid, waxaanay reer Sucuud u qaxeen Kuwait.

Khariidadda Sucuudiga

Hadana mar kale ayaa Cabdicasiis Aal Sucuud wuxu aasaasay dawladdii saddexaad ee Sucuudiga sannadkii 1902, waxaanay waagaa ay ahayd Saldanadda Najd ka dibna way fidday oo waxay noqotay boqortooyada Xijaas, Najad iyo dhulka ku hareeraysan ilaa markii dambe magacii dawladdu noqday Boqortooyada Sucuudi Caraba markii dhulka ay haatan ka kooban tahay oo dhan xukun keli ahi gacanta ku qabtay, waxaanay taariikhdu markaa ahayd 1932.

Sidaas ayuu hadba heer u taagnaa magaca dawladdaasi oo la odhan jiray Imaaradda Najd iyo Ixsaa ilaa sannadkii 1921 ka diban Saldanadda Najd ilaa sannadiii 1922, hadana wuxuu isku bedelay Saldanadda Najd iyo dhulka ku gedaaman sannadkii 1926, hadana wuxuu isku bedelay Saldanadda Xijaas, Najd iyo dhulka ku hareeraysan, ilaa kama damaystii sannadkii 1923 lagu dhawaaqay dhismaha Boqortooyada Sucuudi Carabiya.

Sidoo kale waxa isna heerar kala duwan soo maray magaca rasmiga ah ee ninkii aasaasay ee Cabdicasiis Aal Sucuud oo mar ahaa Amiir, hadana Suldaan noqday markii dambena Boqor. Waxa kale oo jiray magacyo kale oo lagu sheegi jiray oo ay ka mid ahayeen Napoleon-kii Carbeed, Boqor Sulaymaankii cusbaa.

Boqorkii koobaad

Cabdicasiis Aal Sucuud wuxuu ku dhashay Riyaad Jeeniweri 1876 iyada oo qoyskoodu halkaa ka taliyo. Hase yeeshee waxa markii dambe jabiyey reer Aal Rashiid oo xukumi jiray magaalada Xaa’il oo ay isku hayeen gobolka Najd, waxanay qoyskoodu halkaa ka qaxeen isaga oo toban jir ah.

Buugga la yidhaa “Ummatun Fii Rajul” ee uu qoray Cabdallah Bin Cabdilmuxsin Al-Turki, ayuu kaga waramayaa in waayahay boqorku ka bilaabmayo markii isaga oo ciidan yar wataa ka soo baxay Kuwait oo qiyaastii ahaa 60 nin oo tolkii iyo taageerayaal isugu jiray. Wuxuu duullaan ku qaaday Riyaad oo uu ku guulaystay inuu qabsado ka dibna dadkii deegaanka ayaa halkaa heshiis kula galay 15 Jeeniweri 1902.

Hadana bishii Sebtember 1904 ayuu ku jabiyey Cabdicasiis ciidamadii reer Aal Rashiid dagaalkii caanka noqday ee Al-Shanaanna oo wuxuu gacanta ku dhigay Qasiim waxaanu maamulkiisii ku fiday gobolka Najd badankiisa.

Sannadkii 1913 ayuu aasaasay dhaqdhaqaaqii “Ikhwaanu Man Addaacallaaha” kuwaas oo caqiidadoodu ku salaysnayd Wahaabiyada oo degdeg u xoogaystay taageero weyn na u noqday reer Aal Sucuud.

Ururkaa wax ka mid noqday qabaa’ilkii reer guuraaga ahaa oo ku biiray oo degay gobolladii ay qabsadeen ciidamadii Cabdicasiis waxaanay ka mid noqdeen ciidankiisii, hase yeeshee kama dambaystii ayay isa seegeen Cabdicasiis iyo ururkii Ikhwaan ku.

Gobollada Ixsaa, Casiir iyo Xijaas

Sannadkii 1913 ayaa ciidamadii Cabdicasiis u ruqaansadeen dhanka Ixsaa waxaanay ku guulaysteen in ay ka qabsadaan Cismaaniyiintii. Hadana sannadkii 1921 ayaa guluf uu hogaaminayo Amiir Faysal Bin Cabdicasiis gacanta ku dhigay gobolka Casiir.

Bishii Sebtember 1921 ayuu qabsaday magaalada Xaa’il oo ahayd halkii ugu dambeysay ee ay xukumayeen reer Aal Rashiid, waxaanu si buuxda maamulkiisi ugu fidiyey gobolka Najd oo dhan. Isla sannadkaa ayuu Cabdicasiis qaatay magaca ah Suldaanka Najd.

Heerarka magaca Cabdicasiis soo maray waxay ahaayeen Amiir, Suldaan, Boqor

Dhanka gobolka Xijaas ma sahlanayn oo utun xun ayaa dhex taallay isaga iyo ninkii xukumayey gobolkaas ee Shariif Xuseen Bin Cali. Hase yeeshee waxay ciidamadii Aal Sucuud ku guulaysteen in ay galaan Daa’if iyo Makka sannadkii 1924, laakiin Jidda ayey mari waayeen oo u jilib dhigtay go’doon ay geliyeen oo socday ilaa 17 Diisember 1925.

Sannadkii 1926 ayaa Cabdicasiis la gula mubaayacooday Masaajidka Xaramka dhexdiisa in uu noqdo boqorka Xijaas, waxaanu sidaa magaciisii ku noqday Boqorka Xijaas iyo Suldaanka Najd ilaa 23 Sebtember 1932 markaas oo lagu dhawaaqay Boqortooyada Sucuudi Carabiya.

Dhidibo u adkayntii dawladda

Duruufihii siyaasadeed ee dunida ka jiray waagaa awgood ee ay ka midka ahaayeen in Ingiriisku haysto dhul ku yaal xeebaha gacanka Carbeed, ayaa ku kallifay Cabdicasiis inuu dhidibada u adkeeyo dawladiisii hanaqaadka ahayd si uu isaga caabiyo ururkii ay xulufada ahaayeen ee “Ikhwaanu Man Adaacallaah” oo diidanaa inuu joojiyo duullaanadii uu ku qabsanayey dhulka, ka dibna ay halkaa isku seegeen.

Cabdicasiis wuxuu aqoonsaday xuduudaha Ciraaq, Kuwait iyo Urdun waana arinta ay diidanaayeen Ikhwaanku.

Waxay bilaabeen duullaano ay ku qaadaan xuudaha Ciraaq iyo Kuwait, waxay sidoo kale maamulkii iskaga horyimaadeen markii ay iyaga oo aan amar ka helin maamulka ku xad gubeen dadkii Xijaas oo arimo ay fali jireen qaarkood ay iyagu u arkayeen in ay yihiin waxyaabo shirki ah sidaasna ay maamulkii isku seegeen.

Ikhwaanku waxay markii dambe diideen in ay u hogaansamaan amarradii Cabdicasiis ee ahaa in aanay weerarin xuduudaha Ciraaq iyo Kuwait, ka dibna waxay labada dhinac ku dagaalameen goobta la yidhaa Sulfa bishii Maarij 1929, halkaas oo lagu jabiyey Ikhwaankii oo firxadkoodii galay Kuwait oo isku dhiibeen ciidamadii Ingiriiska.

This post first appeared on BBC Somali - Somali. Read the http://www.bbc.com/somali/war-54223811original article

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QM iyo EU-da Oo Mashaariicda La Siiyo Soomaalida U Daba Fadhiisan Doona Soomaaliya Iyo Somaliland

October 22, 2020 | Published by: yaska Xukuumadda Federaalka Soomaaliya ayaa ugu dambayn doonaysa in ay meel mariso qorshe ay muddoba ku taamaysay oo ah sidii gabi ahaanba deeqaha ka yimaad beesha caalamka iyo maamulka dhaqaale ay iyada u soo maraan dhammaanba wixii la isku odhan jiray Soomaaliya oo Somaliland ku jirto waxaana arrintaasi si weyn ugala shaqaynaya muddona ku hawlanaa Qaramada Midoobay iyo Ururka Midawga Yurub. Qorshe ay muddo ka soo shaqaynaysay wasaaradda Qorshaynta Qaranka Soomaaliya ayaa toddobaadkan la soo gunaanaday kadib markii daneeyayaasha Arrimaha Soomaaliya iyo dawladaha deeqaha Bixiyaa Soomaaliya la saxeexdeen heshiis qeexaya in dawladda Federaalka ah ee Muqdisho fadhidaa masuul ka tahay dhammaanba deeqaha iyo lacagaha loogu talo galay Soomaalida, taasi oo Somaliland n aka mid tahay. Iyada oo ka faa’iidaysanaysa Aqoonsiga ay haysato dawladda Soomaaliya waxa ay muddoba ku soo hawanayd sidii ay mar uun u meel marin lahayd qorshe meesha lagaga saarayo hannaankii markii hore beesha caalamku ula tacaamuli jirtay Soomaalida, taasi oo ahayd in mashaariicda deeqaha ah loo qaybin jiray saddex waaxood marka mashruuca guud ahaan lagu soo qaado magaca Soomaaliya. Saddexdaasi waaxood oo kala ahaa Somaliland, Puntland iyo South Center (Koonfurta iyo Badhtamaha), taasi oo maanta baddalkeeda dhammaanba guddoomidda deeqda, mashruuca saxeexdiisa iyo maamulkiisaba farta laga saarayo dawladda Soomaaliya oo ay wakil uga yihiin Wasaaradaha Qorshaynta iyo Maaliyaddu. Mashaariicdana lagu salayn doono maamul Goboleedyada ay dawladdaasi ka kooban tahay, Somaliland loola dhaqmi doono sidii maamul Goboleed oo marka mashruuca lacagtiisa lasoo daayo qaybteeda la siin doono. Inkasta oo aanu ahayn qorshe imika hir galaya balse ahaa mid muddoba laga soo shaqaynayay waxa xukuumadda Muqdisho ku taageeraya qaramada Midoobay iyo Midawga Yurub. Toddobaadkan horraantiisii ayay xukuumadda Madaxweyne biixi arrintan qoraal ka soo saartay iyada oo sheegtay in aanay hawshaasi qayb ka ahayn. Fadhi aan caadi ahayn oo golaha wasiirrada Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland yeesheen Sabtidii Toddobaadkan  waxa uu goluhu dood iyo falan-qayn ka yeeshay heshiis  ay wada gaadheen Soomaaliya iyo wakiilka UN-ka James Swan 15-kii October 2020, oo ku saabsanaa nidaamka wada shaqaynta (Un sustainable development cooperation framework UNCF), kaas oo ay xukuumadda Madaxweyne Biixi ku tilmaantay mid meel ka dhac ku yahay qarannimada Somaliland, faro-gelinna ku yahay arrimaha gudaha Somaliland. Lama oga tallaabada ay xukuumaddu ka qaadan doonto xaaladdan balse waxa biyo kama dhibcaan ah in beesha caalamku aanay wakhtigan diyaar u ahayn in ay Somaliland kala gorgortamaan waxa ay tabayso iyada oo ay muuqato in uu yahay qorshe dalalka deeqaha bixiyaa ku gaadheen sidaasi balse waxaan la ogayn halka ay Somaliland qaddiyaddan ku tiirin doonto.

Honeymoon over? Saudi Arabia-U.S. ties face reset with Biden win

RIYADH/WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Saudi Arabia’s crown prince enjoyed a near free pass under his personal relationship with U.S. President Donald Trump, but the kingdom’s brazen young leader will have to tread more carefully should Democrats take the White House and reset strategic ties. FILE PHOTO: U.S. President Donald Trump speaks with Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during family photo session with other leaders and attendees at the G20 leaders summit in Osaka, Japan, June 28, 2019. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque/File Photo Riyadh’s human rights record, with the brutal 2018 murder of Washington Post Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and detention of women activists, will be a prime point of friction with a Joe Biden administration, as will the Yemen war. At issue for the Gulf powerhouse, which lobbied hard for Trump’s maximum pressure campaign against foe Iran, is how Biden will address Tehran’s ballistic missiles and support for regional proxies in any talks to revive an international nuclear pact with Iran that Washington quit in 2018. While Riyadh and its Gulf allies prefer a Trump administration that also prioritised lucrative deals over human rights concerns, a Biden win would not upend decades-long alliances, five regional sources and diplomats said. Biden may, however, place stronger conditions on U.S. support, they said. “There will be challenges but there are long-term strategic institutional relationships and no one wants to break the camel’s back, though a Biden administration will want compromises,” said one Gulf source. A foreign diplomat in the region echoed the view that Saudi-U.S. ties would not be unduly harmed: “I imagine (Biden) would demand a few high-profile concessions … something on women’s rights defenders maybe.” In his campaign Biden pledged to reassess ties with Saudi Arabia, an oil exporting giant and major buyer of American arms, demand more accountability over Khashoggi’s killing in Riyadh’s Istanbul consulate and end U.S. support for the Yemen war. “Instead of giving blank checks to dictators and authoritarians around the world, as the Trump Administration has done, Joe Biden will stand up for universal values with friends and foes alike, and stand with the democratic world as we address common challenges,” a campaign spokesman told Reuters. De facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has firmly consolidated power, crushing dissent and detaining rivals to the throne, measures that tainted a reformist image initially lauded abroad as he moved to open up the kingdom. He has denied ordering Khashoggi’s killing, which sparked global outrage and spooked investors, but in 2019 indicated some personal accountability by saying it happened under his watch. Riyadh jailed eight people for between seven and 20 years in the case. The kingdom’s foreign minister, in a webinar this month, said it was also reforming security services so “something like this cannot happen again”. Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud though struck a defiant tone over Western condemnation of the trials of women activists, saying they are charged with “serious crimes”. The detainees are accused of harming Saudi interests. Few charges have been made public but some relate to contacts with foreign journalists, diplomats and rights groups. SECURITY PARAMOUNT Trump has objected to punitive measures against Riyadh over human rights. 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State-backed media in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates recently focused on emails linked to Hillary Clinton and the Brotherhood — a move one Saudi source said aimed to show Democrats had erred and could do so again. “There is concern that a Biden presidency would at best, mean a reduced U.S. focus on the Middle East, and at worst … a more hardline approach towards Saudi Arabia and Gulf countries,” said Abdulaziz Sager, chairman of Riyadh-based Gulf Research Center. “There is a desire for clarity among Saudis in terms of what Biden’s concrete foreign policy would be towards Saudi Arabia.” Gulf states are also trying to push through arms deals, with the UAE and Qatar seeking U.S. F-35 fighter jets. HOLDING CARDS CLOSE The UAE has hedged its bets, reducing its military presence in Yemen and becoming the first Arab state in a quarter century to normalise ties with Israel, creating a new axis against Iran and Islamists deemed a threat to Gulf dynastic rule. 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Odayaasha dhaqanka iyo ergadii ugu badnaa oo gaaray Jowhar iyo wararkii u dambeeyay

Jowhar (Caasimada Online) – Wararka naga soo gaaraya magaalada Jowhar ee xarunta Hir-shabeelle ayaa sheegaya in magaaladaasi ay inta badan gaareen odayaasha dhaqanka iyo ergadii soo xulayay xildhibaanada baarlamaanka maamulkaasi. Sida ay ogaatay Caasimada Online, waxa magaalada Jowhar kuwada sugan inta badan ugaasyada iyo odayaasha kale ee qeybta ka ah  soo xulista baarlamaanka 2-aad ee Hir-shabeelle, xili gebi ahaanba uu shaqeyn waayey jadwalka iyo qorshihii hore ee doorashadaasi. Doorashada baarlamaanka Hir-shabeelle ayaa maalmihii u dambeeyay waxa ka taagna buuq badan, iyada oo beelaha qaar ay dood ka keenen in jagada madaxweynaha maamulkaasi ay iyagu leeyihiin. Waxaa si weyn isku soo taraya loolanka loogu jiro doorashadaasi, xili ay dhawaan xubno kamid ah guddiga farsamada ee soo xulista baarlamaanka labaad ee Hir-shabeelle ay sheegeen in uu dhaqan geli waayay jadwalkii ay soo saareen, kaas oo ku saabsanaa doorashada maamulkaasi. Saraakiil ka tirsan guddigan oo xiligaasi la hadlay Caasimada Online ayaa u sheegay inay dhaqaaqi la’dahay shaqada guddiga, islamarkaana ay ku hor gudban yihiin caqabado waa weyn oo curyaamiyay shaqooyinka horyaala. Guddigaan ayaa sheegay in culeyska ugu weyn ee heesta uu yahay cabashada Beesha Xawaadle, kuwaas oo aan ilaa hadda xal loo helin, islamarkaana aysan odayaashooda dhaqanka wali soo gaarin Jowhar si ay uga mid noqdaan duubabka dhaqanka ee soo xulaya baarlamaanka. “Culeyska ugu weyn waxaan kala kulmeynaa beesha Xawaadle, wax badan ayaa rabnaa inaa xeerino waana sababta uu u dhaqan geli waayay jadwalkii aan soo saarnay todobaadyo ka hor,” ayuu yiri mid kamid xubnaha guddiga oo la hadlay Caasimada Online. Si-kastaba, waxa socda dhaq-dhaqaaqyadii u dambeeyay ee doorashada baarlamaanka labaad ee maamulka Hir-shabeelle, inkasta oo uusan jirin heshiis laga mideysan-yahay oo ku aadan doorashadaasi.

QM iyo EU-da Oo Mashaariicda La Siiyo Soomaalida U Daba Fadhiisan Doona Soomaaliya Iyo Somaliland

October 22, 2020 | Published by: yaska Xukuumadda Federaalka Soomaaliya ayaa ugu dambayn doonaysa in ay meel mariso qorshe ay muddoba ku taamaysay oo ah sidii gabi ahaanba deeqaha ka yimaad beesha caalamka iyo maamulka dhaqaale ay iyada u soo maraan dhammaanba wixii la isku odhan jiray Soomaaliya oo Somaliland ku jirto waxaana arrintaasi si weyn ugala shaqaynaya muddona ku hawlanaa Qaramada Midoobay iyo Ururka Midawga Yurub. Qorshe ay muddo ka soo shaqaynaysay wasaaradda Qorshaynta Qaranka Soomaaliya ayaa toddobaadkan la soo gunaanaday kadib markii daneeyayaasha Arrimaha Soomaaliya iyo dawladaha deeqaha Bixiyaa Soomaaliya la saxeexdeen heshiis qeexaya in dawladda Federaalka ah ee Muqdisho fadhidaa masuul ka tahay dhammaanba deeqaha iyo lacagaha loogu talo galay Soomaalida, taasi oo Somaliland n aka mid tahay. Iyada oo ka faa’iidaysanaysa Aqoonsiga ay haysato dawladda Soomaaliya waxa ay muddoba ku soo hawanayd sidii ay mar uun u meel marin lahayd qorshe meesha lagaga saarayo hannaankii markii hore beesha caalamku ula tacaamuli jirtay Soomaalida, taasi oo ahayd in mashaariicda deeqaha ah loo qaybin jiray saddex waaxood marka mashruuca guud ahaan lagu soo qaado magaca Soomaaliya. Saddexdaasi waaxood oo kala ahaa Somaliland, Puntland iyo South Center (Koonfurta iyo Badhtamaha), taasi oo maanta baddalkeeda dhammaanba guddoomidda deeqda, mashruuca saxeexdiisa iyo maamulkiisaba farta laga saarayo dawladda Soomaaliya oo ay wakil uga yihiin Wasaaradaha Qorshaynta iyo Maaliyaddu. Mashaariicdana lagu salayn doono maamul Goboleedyada ay dawladdaasi ka kooban tahay, Somaliland loola dhaqmi doono sidii maamul Goboleed oo marka mashruuca lacagtiisa lasoo daayo qaybteeda la siin doono. Inkasta oo aanu ahayn qorshe imika hir galaya balse ahaa mid muddoba laga soo shaqaynayay waxa xukuumadda Muqdisho ku taageeraya qaramada Midoobay iyo Midawga Yurub. Toddobaadkan horraantiisii ayay xukuumadda Madaxweyne biixi arrintan qoraal ka soo saartay iyada oo sheegtay in aanay hawshaasi qayb ka ahayn. Fadhi aan caadi ahayn oo golaha wasiirrada Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland yeesheen Sabtidii Toddobaadkan  waxa uu goluhu dood iyo falan-qayn ka yeeshay heshiis  ay wada gaadheen Soomaaliya iyo wakiilka UN-ka James Swan 15-kii October 2020, oo ku saabsanaa nidaamka wada shaqaynta (Un sustainable development cooperation framework UNCF), kaas oo ay xukuumadda Madaxweyne Biixi ku tilmaantay mid meel ka dhac ku yahay qarannimada Somaliland, faro-gelinna ku yahay arrimaha gudaha Somaliland. Lama oga tallaabada ay xukuumaddu ka qaadan doonto xaaladdan balse waxa biyo kama dhibcaan ah in beesha caalamku aanay wakhtigan diyaar u ahayn in ay Somaliland kala gorgortamaan waxa ay tabayso iyada oo ay muuqato in uu yahay qorshe dalalka deeqaha bixiyaa ku gaadheen sidaasi balse waxaan la ogayn halka ay Somaliland qaddiyaddan ku tiirin doonto.

Honeymoon over? Saudi Arabia-U.S. ties face reset with Biden win

RIYADH/WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Saudi Arabia’s crown prince enjoyed a near free pass under his personal relationship with U.S. President Donald Trump, but the kingdom’s brazen young leader will have to tread more carefully should Democrats take the White House and reset strategic ties. FILE PHOTO: U.S. President Donald Trump speaks with Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during family photo session with other leaders and attendees at the G20 leaders summit in Osaka, Japan, June 28, 2019. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque/File Photo Riyadh’s human rights record, with the brutal 2018 murder of Washington Post Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and detention of women activists, will be a prime point of friction with a Joe Biden administration, as will the Yemen war. At issue for the Gulf powerhouse, which lobbied hard for Trump’s maximum pressure campaign against foe Iran, is how Biden will address Tehran’s ballistic missiles and support for regional proxies in any talks to revive an international nuclear pact with Iran that Washington quit in 2018. While Riyadh and its Gulf allies prefer a Trump administration that also prioritised lucrative deals over human rights concerns, a Biden win would not upend decades-long alliances, five regional sources and diplomats said. Biden may, however, place stronger conditions on U.S. support, they said. “There will be challenges but there are long-term strategic institutional relationships and no one wants to break the camel’s back, though a Biden administration will want compromises,” said one Gulf source. A foreign diplomat in the region echoed the view that Saudi-U.S. ties would not be unduly harmed: “I imagine (Biden) would demand a few high-profile concessions … something on women’s rights defenders maybe.” In his campaign Biden pledged to reassess ties with Saudi Arabia, an oil exporting giant and major buyer of American arms, demand more accountability over Khashoggi’s killing in Riyadh’s Istanbul consulate and end U.S. support for the Yemen war. “Instead of giving blank checks to dictators and authoritarians around the world, as the Trump Administration has done, Joe Biden will stand up for universal values with friends and foes alike, and stand with the democratic world as we address common challenges,” a campaign spokesman told Reuters. De facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has firmly consolidated power, crushing dissent and detaining rivals to the throne, measures that tainted a reformist image initially lauded abroad as he moved to open up the kingdom. He has denied ordering Khashoggi’s killing, which sparked global outrage and spooked investors, but in 2019 indicated some personal accountability by saying it happened under his watch. Riyadh jailed eight people for between seven and 20 years in the case. The kingdom’s foreign minister, in a webinar this month, said it was also reforming security services so “something like this cannot happen again”. Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud though struck a defiant tone over Western condemnation of the trials of women activists, saying they are charged with “serious crimes”. The detainees are accused of harming Saudi interests. Few charges have been made public but some relate to contacts with foreign journalists, diplomats and rights groups. SECURITY PARAMOUNT Trump has objected to punitive measures against Riyadh over human rights. But in April he threatened withholding military support — boosted after 2019 attacks on Saudi energy facilities — after an oil war between Riyadh and Moscow wreaked havoc on markets, threatening the U.S. oil industry. Prince Faisal stressed that despite “occasional divergences”, the Saudi-U.S. alliance “goes much deeper than just one king or one president.” Riyadh and its Gulf allies strongly disagreed with the Obama administration over the 2015 Iran nuclear deal and the 2011 “Arab Spring”, warning Washington against abandoning traditional allies and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood. State-backed media in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates recently focused on emails linked to Hillary Clinton and the Brotherhood — a move one Saudi source said aimed to show Democrats had erred and could do so again. “There is concern that a Biden presidency would at best, mean a reduced U.S. focus on the Middle East, and at worst … a more hardline approach towards Saudi Arabia and Gulf countries,” said Abdulaziz Sager, chairman of Riyadh-based Gulf Research Center. “There is a desire for clarity among Saudis in terms of what Biden’s concrete foreign policy would be towards Saudi Arabia.” Gulf states are also trying to push through arms deals, with the UAE and Qatar seeking U.S. F-35 fighter jets. HOLDING CARDS CLOSE The UAE has hedged its bets, reducing its military presence in Yemen and becoming the first Arab state in a quarter century to normalise ties with Israel, creating a new axis against Iran and Islamists deemed a threat to Gulf dynastic rule. Bahrain followed suit, handing Trump a win in U.S.-brokered accords that also garnered bipartisan support. “One of the reasons Gulf states are establishing relations is because they realised a few months ago they might not have the U.S. to rely on as in the past. Israel is a natural partner,” said a source familiar with the process. Saudi columnist Mohammed Al Al-Sheikh, writing in local daily Al Jazirah, said this “created a new reality on the ground that candidate Biden cannot overlook” when dealing with Iran. Trump initially said the United States was “locked and loaded” after the 2019 attacks on Saudi oil facilities, blamed by Riyadh and Western powers on Tehran, but a conventional military response did not materialise. The apparent attempt to avoid a war was watched closely around the Gulf. Saudi Arabia tacitly backed the Israel deals but is unlikely to join soon given its position as custodian of Islam’s holiest sites and architect of a 2002 Arab Peace Initiative that offered Israel ties in return for Palestinian statehood. Riyadh has said only an Israeli-Palestinian deal could deliver lasting peace and stability. “The Saudis will probably not move to recognize Israel before the election in large part because this is a card they can play with a new Biden administration,” said David Rundell, a former chief of mission at the U.S. embassy in Riyadh. Gulf rivals are also biding time over a political row that has seen Riyadh and its allies boycott Qatar, two of the Gulf sources said, despite pressure from Trump to end the dispute. If Trump wins, Riyadh would seek to end the row and form a united Gulf Arab front against Iran, one of the sources said. “It may not be as big an issue for Biden, but if he also pushes for it, then we’ll see progress.” Source: Reuters

Magacyada Duuliyeyaashii Diyaaradihii Duqeeyey Hargaysa 1988 Iyo Qabaa’ilka Ay Kasoo Jeedaan

October 22, 2020 | Published by: yaska Xigmad uu reebay madaxweynihii hore ee Koonfur Afrika Mandela ayaa ahayd” Forgive, but never forget their names”, oo nuxur ahaan noqonaysa, in cadowgii dhibta kuu geystay aad saamixi karto, hasayeeshee aanad magacyadood iloobin. Waxa nasiib wanaag ah inuu maalmahan Hargaysa uu ku sugan yahay mudane Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud ‘Axmed dheere’, oo damiirkiisu siin waayey inuu xasuuqo dad maati ah oo qaxayey ama goobo ay ku qaxeen ku sugnaa. Axmed Dheer wuxuu go’aansaday oo uu doorbiday inuu la fakado diyaaraddii uu waday oo ahayd Miig 17, uu 13 Juulay 1988 uu si geesinimo leh ugu dejiyo xeebta Jabuuti. Go’aankaa uu qaatay Axmed dheer wuxuu noqday mid taariikhda shicibka Soomaalilaan baal dahab ah kaga suntan. Waxaanu adduunka u caddeeyey in xasuuqdii shicibka Hargaysa lagu hayey uu ka markhaati kacay. Abaalkaasi uu shicibka Hargaysa gashaday Axmed Dheere waa kaa sannad kasta oo uu Hargaysa yimaado casuumado iyo soo dhaweyn aan kala go’ lahayn uu kala kulmo shicibkii uu ka badbaadiyey gantaalihii ay siday diyaaradii loo dhiibay ee soo laa lagu yidhi. Madaxdii duuliyeyaasha amraysay ee Hargaysa u soo wareegay waxa ay kala ahaayeen: Khaliif Ciise Yuusuf (Majeerteen) taliyihii ciidanka cirka Ballidoogle. Faarax Siciid (Majeerteen) taliyihii ciidanka cirka Hargaysa. Maxamed Aadan Dirir (Mareexaan) taliyihii ciidankii cirka Berbera. Magacyada Duuliyeyaashii Hargaysa Duqeeyey = Yuusuf Maxamuud Maxamed (Majeerteen)..Duuliye Miig 17 = Mursal Xaaji Axmed ‘Muufo’ ( Abgaal)…Duuliye Miig 19 = Maxamed Xasan Raage (Xawaadle)….Duuliye Miig 19 = Xuseen Aadan Ibraahin (Gadabuursi)…Duuliye Miig 19 = Axmed Gurxan Hoore ( Ogaadeen)…….Duuliye Miig 19 = Maxamed Axmed Xaayow (Abgaal)……Duuliye  Miig 19 = Xirsi Maxamed Faarax (Mareexaan)……Duuliye Miig 19 = Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud ( Mareexaan)….Duuliye CESNA = Suufi Jeylaani Maxamed (Barawaani)…..Duuliye CESNA = Faarax Xaaji Salaad (Majeerteen)….Duuliye CESNA = Yuusuf Juseeb ( Majeerteen)….Duuliye CESNA = Xasan Yare (Ogaadeen)….Duuliye CESNA = Maxamuud Xaaji Warsame (Dhulbahante)….Duuliye Hunter = Maxamed Khaliif Isaaq (Raxanweyn)……….Duuliye Hunter Intii ku dhimatay intii ay duqeynta wadeen ee gantaal Eebbe ku dhacay oo cillad farsamo darteed u dhacday waxa ay kala ahaayeen: = Maxamed Xasan Raage (Xawaadle)…….Duuliye Miig 19 = Xuseen Aadan Ibraahin (Gadabuursi)…Duuliye Miig 19 = Axmed Gurxan Hoori (Ogaadeen)…Duuliye  Miig 19 = Maxamed Axmed Xaayow (Abgaal)….Duuliye Miig 19 = Maxamed Khaliif Isaaq (Raxanweyn)…Duuliye Miig 19 Cali Cabdi Coomay Suxufi, qoraa ah.  Hargaysa, Soomaalilaan

This post first appeared on BBC Somali - Somali. Read the http://www.bbc.com/somali/war-54223811original article