The Shiite tandem of Hezbollah and the Amal movement is blocking the formation of a new government in Lebanon due to their demand that a finance minister be assigned to someone from their community. An attitude that isolates these two political forces, including with Hezbollah’s Christian ally, President Michel Aoun.
The process of government formation remains fixed in Lebanon. Negotiations are stumbling especially over the distribution of the financial portfolio, which Hezbollah and the Amal movement, the two largest Shiite political forces, refuse to relinquish.
The latter demand that a personality from their community, and of their choice, take over this royal ministry, which has been the case since 2014. This is, in their view, an essential guarantee, as in Lebanon they are generally signed by the President of the Republic who is Maronite, speaks Prime Minister who is from the Unnite community as well as Minister of Finance.
To relinquish this privilege would, according to them, mean losing the Shiite counter-signature on the main decisions of the executive, while the Lebanese political system is based on confessionalism and political merchandising. “We refuse to have our ministers appointed in our place. we are opposed to the component we represent not having the Ministry of Finance, says Hezbollah in a statement released on September 17.
The blockade of this portfolio jeopardizes France’s efforts, heavily invested in Lebanon since the double explosion on August 4 in the port of Beirut, to form a rapid government while the country faces an acute economic crisis.
While the appointed Prime Minister Moustapha Diab intends to question the historical division of ministerial portfolios on a denominational basis, the determination to win the cause of Hezbollah and the Amal movement, led by Parliament President Nabih Berri, is to isolate these two formations on the political stage in Cedarland.
Even the influential Maronite patriarch Bechara Rai lovingly despised the Shiite tandem, Sunday, during his Sunday humili. “In what capacity does a society claim a ministry, as if it belongs to it, and hinder the formation of a government until it achieves what it wants and thus causes political paralysis? Where does the constitution allow a monopoly on a ministerial portfolio?” He asked.
The alliance with Hezbollah Aoun weakened
But the blockade of the tandem chiit also seems to embarrass President Michel Aoun’s camp, but still an unshakable political ally with Hezbollah since 2006.
If a cabinet is not formed, “we are on our way to hell”, the head of state was launched on Monday, who proposed that the social distribution of so-called “sovereign” portfolios be removed in order to solve the crisis.
On Saturday, it is theCourant patriotique libre (CPL), founded by Michel Aounet under the leadership of his son-in-law GebranBassil, who had published a press release condemning the principle that “a party can impose its counter-signature on the Lebanese in a manner contrary to current constitution and customs. . ” targeted at the two Shiite movements, members of the CPL for the majority in parliament.
President Aoun, whom his opponent describes as “Hezbollah’s Christian support”, is he turning his back on his alliance with the pro-Iranian movement? The head of state answered in the negative on Monday during his press conference.
While assuring that the agreement signed in 2006 with the Shiite party was still in force, and that “the alliances did not prevent disagreements”, he still threw the ball in his ally’s court and specified that the solution would be sought from them. page. “When there is a disagreement, everyone trusts their convictions, and mine are based on the constitution,” he said.
“This is not the first time that disagreements have arisen between Hezbollah and the CPL, but it is true that the blockade on the financial portfolio isolates the Shiite tandem a little more,” emphasizes France 24 Joseph Daher, academic and author of the book “Hezbollah, a religious fundamentalism that tested for neoliberalism “(Ed. Syllepse).
And to add: “If President Aoun’s party seems to be distinguishing itself from its Shiite ally recently, it is too early to talk about questioning their alliance, as neither camp has any interest in a break in which they would both lose.”
Lebanese media report that the sanctions imposed by the US government on September 8 against two former ministers of parties allied with Hezbollah, which Washington considered a “terrorist” organization, caused an electric shock in the Lebanese political class.
By explicitly targeting Ali Hassan Khalil, one of the pillars of the Shiite Amal movement, and Youssef Fenianos, a Christian cadet of the Maradas (prosyrian), Washington suggests that no one is immune to its strategy of weakening and isolating Hezbollah.
“The isolation of the Shiite tandem comes at the wrong time in a period when the United States is proving uncomfortable with everything that has to do with Iran and its allies,” Joseph Daher continues. “Sanctions will make Hezbollah allies think. Obviously.”
Paradoxically, it was this policy of sanctions that intervened while France had offered Hassan Nasrallah’s party fresh air by publicly discussing with him, which pressured the Shiite tandem to prove less conciliatory during negotiations aimed at forming a government.
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