Thursday, October 22, 2020

Ethiopia’s democratic transition is in peril

Freedom is not a gift doled out to people by a government,” Abiy Ahmed said in his inaugural address as Ethiopia’s prime minister in 2018. “Rather [it is] a gift of nature to everyone that emanates from our human dignity.” His words marked a remarkable turn for a country that over tethhe past five decades had seen an absolute monarchy, revolutions, civil war and authoritarian rule, but not freedom or democracy. After coming to power on the back of anti-government protests, Abiy freed political prisoners and journalists, welcomed opposition parties back from exile and encouraged rebels to disarm. He made peace with Eritrea, for which he was awarded the Nobel prize last year, and pledged to hold the first free elections in Africa’s second-most-populous country.

Yet Abiy has been unable to patch the deep ethnic fissures that threaten to tear Ethiopia apart, and has not altered the state’s instinct for violence and repression. This year alone at least 147 fatal clashes have left several hundred dead, according to figures compiled by the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data project (see map). In July riots took place across Addis Ababa, the capital, and the Oromia region, after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a musician and activist from Abiy’s own Oromo ethnic group. By one count 239 people were killed, some by mobs, others by security forces. Thousands have since been arrested, including Jawar Mohammed, an Oromo opposition leader considered Abiy’s main rival, who is accused of inciting violence. In August protests calling for his release resulted in yet more deaths.

20200919 MAM997 Ethiopia’s democratic transition is in peril

Tensions had been building for months before the latest unrest. The government’s decision to postpone elections because of covid-19 spurred talk of a constitutional crisis. Opponents including the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (tplf), which runs the northern region of Tigray and dominated the federal government for nearly three decades, accused Abiy of trying to extend his time in office.

Abiy and his allies, in turn, blame the tplf and militant ethnic nationalists for inciting violence. In an opinion piece published online by The Economist this week (see article), the prime minister warns that Ethiopia’s journey to democracy risks being derailed by those “who are accustomed to undue past privileges” and those trying “to assume power through violence”, allusions to both the tplf and parts of the previously outlawed Oromo Liberation Front (olf).

Abiy’s comments are his most explicit admission yet of the difficulties of holding together a fractious federation in which ethnicity is arguably more powerful than national identity. Moreover, he is trying to do so with fast-dissipating legitimacy. Next month the constitutional term limit of this parliament and government will expire. This is adding to tension between the federal government and some of the nine ethnically constituted states, each of which has the right to secede. This month the tplf defied the centre and held regional elections, which some saw as a first step towards Tigray breaking away.

Yet Abiy insists that his government’s actions do not mark a reversal of its democratic reforms. “What we learn from the fledgling democracies of Europe of the 1920s and 1930s is that democracy has to be defended from violent demagogues and mobs,” he told The Economist in a written response to questions. Tacitly acknowledging brutality, he says, “Given the institutions we have inherited, we realise that law-enforcement activities entail a risk of human-rights violations and abuse.”

Indeed many of those arrested or killed in clashes were perpetrators or instigators of violence. But Abiy himself is responsible for more of the current mess than he admits. Since taking office he has focused on amassing power by sidelining rivals, locking up opponents and monopolising decision-making instead of working with the opposition to lessen tension peacefully.

Although Abiy’s rhetoric differs from his predecessors’, his administration’s conduct looks increasingly familiar. For more than a year security forces have waged a harsh campaign against armed Oromo separatists. A report by Amnesty International alleged torture and summary executions. Instead of promising to investigate, Abiy dismissed the allegations as “fiction”. Responding to The Economist, he admits there may be “isolated incidents where law-enforcement agencies have used disproportionate force”. But he adds that allegations are “taken out of context”.

Meanwhile, opposition figures say political freedoms are being withdrawn. “Time and again they close our offices and detain our members,” says Merera Gudina, an Oromo leader. Even after judges have ordered certain prisoners’ release, the police have rearrested them. Eskinder Nega, an opposition leader blamed by the government for the rioting in the capital in July, was charged with terrorism on September 10th. Eskinder previously spent seven years in prison on trumped-up charges.

The government has repeatedly cut off the internet. Journalists were barred from travelling to Tigray to cover its election. A new law criminalising “hate speech” includes provisions which can be used to lock up peaceful dissidents. At least three broadcasters linked to the opposition, only one of which had aired calls for violence, were closed in July.

A lasting solution to Ethiopia’s crisis is likely to require negotiations with opposition groups and a broader discussion of ethnic versus individual rights. And although Abiy says he is committed to talks, he is wary of the opposition’s calls for a comprehensive “national dialogue”.

Abiy’s vision of a multi-ethnic country whose “destiny lies in our togetherness” is more hopeful than the one offered by militant ethnic nationalists whose break-up of the country would lead to ethnic cleansing and fighting between the regions. But after more than a century of trying to use force to forge a united state, now may be the time to try doing so through consent. 

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Refusing to wear a mask in Ethiopia could cost you two years in jail

By Dawit Endeshaw FILE PHOTO: Ethiopian migrants wait to be served outside the Ethiopian embassy in Beirut, Lebanon July 16, 2020. REUTERS/Mohamed Azakir ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) – Ethiopia can jail people for up to two years if they deliberately violate restrictions aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19, the attorney general’s office said, amid concern that citizens are becoming lax after a state of emergency was lifted. The restrictions prohibit shaking hands, not wearing a mask in a public place, seating more than three people at a table or not keeping “two adult steps” – around six feet – apart . “Now it is as if COVID is no longer there, the public is not taking care,” Health Minister Lia Tadesse tweeted on Thursday. “This will cause a possible increase in the spread of the disease and might be a threat to the nation.” Ethiopia, Africa’s second-most populous nation and a regional powerhouse, declared a state of emergency in April to curb the spread of the pandemic. It was lifted in September. The health ministry has recorded 91,118 COVID-19 cases, 1,384 deaths and 44,506 recoveries so far. The disease peaked there toward the end of August, but its difficult to know the true picture because testing has been also scaled back due to limited resources. At least 79 people died of COVID-19 in the past week, the health ministry said, but less than 2% of deaths are formally recorded. The new law permits fines and imprisonment for up to two years for anyone breaks the restrictions, the attorney general’s office said in a statement on its Facebook page on Wednesday. Ethiopia also postponed its regional and parliamentary elections scheduled for August due to the outbreak. They are expected to be held next year. Africa has mostly not seen the huge wave of infections and deaths that have swept across Europe and the Americas. Experts say a much younger population, immediate measures to contain the virus and having a more rural population have all helped keep cases down. But many African leaders are urging vigilance, concerned that any surge in cases could overwhelm rickety public health systems. Source: Reuters

Xafiiska QM ee Soomaaliya oo soo dhaweeyay una hambalyeeyay Wasiirka Cusub ee Wasaaradda Gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka Dowladda Soomaaliya Marwo Khadija Maxamed Diiriye

Ku xigeenka wakiilka gaarka ah ee xogheyaha guud ee QM Adam Abdelmoula ayaa hambalyo u diray Wasiirka Wasaaradda Gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka ee uu dhawaan soo magacaabay Ra’isal wasaare Maxmed Xuseen Rooble Adam Abdelmoula oo sidoo kale ah isu’duwaha xafiiska gargaarka ee Soomaaliya ayaa war qoraal ah oo uu soo dhigay bartiisa twitter-ka waxa uu ku sheegay in filayo in Wasiirka cusub uu kala shaqeeyo ka jawaabidda halisyada guud ee ay Soomaaliya wajaheyso Wuxuu sheegay in si gaar ah xafiiska QM iyo Wasaaradda ay sare u qaadaan iskaashiga xal u helista dhibaatooyinka seddex-geesoodka ah oo ay Soomaaliya wajahayso “Hambalyo Hon. Khadija Mohamed Dirie oo noqotay Wasiirka cusub ee Wasaaradda gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka. Waxaan rajeynayaa in aan sii xoojinno iskaashiga aan xal ugu raadineyno  culeysyada seddex geesoodka ee bani’aadannimo ee Soomaaliya, waxaan u xal raadin doonnaa culeysyadaas innaga oo qaadeynta dadaal loo dhan yahay oo xal-waara lagu raadiyo”. Ayuu qoraalkiisa ku yiri Mr. Adam Abdelmoula, Ku xigeenka wakiilka gaarka ah ee xogheyaha guud ee QM Soomaaliya ayaa wajaheysa culeysyo uga imanaya jihooyin seddex ah oo kala ah; ayaxa saxaraha, saameynta COVID19 iyo raadka ay ka tageen fatahaadihi dhawaa. Iskaashiga QM iyo Dowladda Soomaaliya ayaa muhiim u ah in la isku dayo yareynta, kahortagga iyo maareynta halis-wadareedyadaRa’isal Wasaaraha Soomaaliya ayaa Marwo Khadiija Maxmed Diiriye dhawaan u soo magacaabay Wasiirka Gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka Dowladda Soomaaliya. Goobjoog News

Sheekh Shariif oo gaaray Nairobi lana kulmay Xasan Cali Kheyre

Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Linkedin LINE Madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya Shariif Sheekh Axmed ayaa gaaray maanta magaalada Nairobi ee dalka Kenya, isagoo labadii bil ee la soo dhaafay ku sugnaa dalka Imaaraadka Carabta oo ay qoyskiisa degan yihiin. Waxana uu Shariif Sheekh durba ka bilaabay magaalada Nairobi kulamo uu la yeelanayo siyaasiyiinta ku sugan magaaladaas. Kulankiisii ugu horeeyay ayuu la yeeshay ra’iisul wasaarihii hore ee Soomaaliya Xasan Cali Kheyre oo hore u sii joogay magaalada Nairobi. Labada masuul oo ka mid ah Musharaxiinta u taagan xilka Madaxweynaha ayaa waxaa kulankooda ku wehliyay Xildhibaano iyo xubno aad ugu dhow. Kheyre ayaa la sheegay inuu uga garaabay Shariifka wixii tabasho ah oo dhankiisa uu ka qabay ama dhacdooyinkii Shariifka uu la kulmay intuu xilka hayay. Ma jiro wax war ah oo ay ka soo saareen kulankooda balse wararka qaar ayaa sheegaya in laga wada hadlay arrimo la xiriira xaalada siyaasadda dalka iyo doorashooyinka. Waxyaabaha ay ku heshiiyeen ayaa la sheegay iney ka mid tahay wada shaqeyn iyo in si dhow la isaga war-qabo, iyadoo Ilo ku dhow kulanka ay sheegayaan in lagu balamay kulamo kale. Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Linkedin LINE Previous articleDowlada Sudan oo qarka u saaran inay xiriir diblumaasi la sameysato Israel

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Refusing to wear a mask in Ethiopia could cost you two years in jail

By Dawit Endeshaw FILE PHOTO: Ethiopian migrants wait to be served outside the Ethiopian embassy in Beirut, Lebanon July 16, 2020. REUTERS/Mohamed Azakir ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) – Ethiopia can jail people for up to two years if they deliberately violate restrictions aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19, the attorney general’s office said, amid concern that citizens are becoming lax after a state of emergency was lifted. The restrictions prohibit shaking hands, not wearing a mask in a public place, seating more than three people at a table or not keeping “two adult steps” – around six feet – apart . “Now it is as if COVID is no longer there, the public is not taking care,” Health Minister Lia Tadesse tweeted on Thursday. “This will cause a possible increase in the spread of the disease and might be a threat to the nation.” Ethiopia, Africa’s second-most populous nation and a regional powerhouse, declared a state of emergency in April to curb the spread of the pandemic. It was lifted in September. The health ministry has recorded 91,118 COVID-19 cases, 1,384 deaths and 44,506 recoveries so far. The disease peaked there toward the end of August, but its difficult to know the true picture because testing has been also scaled back due to limited resources. At least 79 people died of COVID-19 in the past week, the health ministry said, but less than 2% of deaths are formally recorded. The new law permits fines and imprisonment for up to two years for anyone breaks the restrictions, the attorney general’s office said in a statement on its Facebook page on Wednesday. Ethiopia also postponed its regional and parliamentary elections scheduled for August due to the outbreak. They are expected to be held next year. Africa has mostly not seen the huge wave of infections and deaths that have swept across Europe and the Americas. Experts say a much younger population, immediate measures to contain the virus and having a more rural population have all helped keep cases down. But many African leaders are urging vigilance, concerned that any surge in cases could overwhelm rickety public health systems. Source: Reuters

Xafiiska QM ee Soomaaliya oo soo dhaweeyay una hambalyeeyay Wasiirka Cusub ee Wasaaradda Gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka Dowladda Soomaaliya Marwo Khadija Maxamed Diiriye

Ku xigeenka wakiilka gaarka ah ee xogheyaha guud ee QM Adam Abdelmoula ayaa hambalyo u diray Wasiirka Wasaaradda Gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka ee uu dhawaan soo magacaabay Ra’isal wasaare Maxmed Xuseen Rooble Adam Abdelmoula oo sidoo kale ah isu’duwaha xafiiska gargaarka ee Soomaaliya ayaa war qoraal ah oo uu soo dhigay bartiisa twitter-ka waxa uu ku sheegay in filayo in Wasiirka cusub uu kala shaqeeyo ka jawaabidda halisyada guud ee ay Soomaaliya wajaheyso Wuxuu sheegay in si gaar ah xafiiska QM iyo Wasaaradda ay sare u qaadaan iskaashiga xal u helista dhibaatooyinka seddex-geesoodka ah oo ay Soomaaliya wajahayso “Hambalyo Hon. Khadija Mohamed Dirie oo noqotay Wasiirka cusub ee Wasaaradda gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka. Waxaan rajeynayaa in aan sii xoojinno iskaashiga aan xal ugu raadineyno  culeysyada seddex geesoodka ee bani’aadannimo ee Soomaaliya, waxaan u xal raadin doonnaa culeysyadaas innaga oo qaadeynta dadaal loo dhan yahay oo xal-waara lagu raadiyo”. Ayuu qoraalkiisa ku yiri Mr. Adam Abdelmoula, Ku xigeenka wakiilka gaarka ah ee xogheyaha guud ee QM Soomaaliya ayaa wajaheysa culeysyo uga imanaya jihooyin seddex ah oo kala ah; ayaxa saxaraha, saameynta COVID19 iyo raadka ay ka tageen fatahaadihi dhawaa. Iskaashiga QM iyo Dowladda Soomaaliya ayaa muhiim u ah in la isku dayo yareynta, kahortagga iyo maareynta halis-wadareedyadaRa’isal Wasaaraha Soomaaliya ayaa Marwo Khadiija Maxmed Diiriye dhawaan u soo magacaabay Wasiirka Gargaarka iyo Maareynta Musiibooyinka Dowladda Soomaaliya. Goobjoog News

Sheekh Shariif oo gaaray Nairobi lana kulmay Xasan Cali Kheyre

Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Linkedin LINE Madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya Shariif Sheekh Axmed ayaa gaaray maanta magaalada Nairobi ee dalka Kenya, isagoo labadii bil ee la soo dhaafay ku sugnaa dalka Imaaraadka Carabta oo ay qoyskiisa degan yihiin. Waxana uu Shariif Sheekh durba ka bilaabay magaalada Nairobi kulamo uu la yeelanayo siyaasiyiinta ku sugan magaaladaas. Kulankiisii ugu horeeyay ayuu la yeeshay ra’iisul wasaarihii hore ee Soomaaliya Xasan Cali Kheyre oo hore u sii joogay magaalada Nairobi. Labada masuul oo ka mid ah Musharaxiinta u taagan xilka Madaxweynaha ayaa waxaa kulankooda ku wehliyay Xildhibaano iyo xubno aad ugu dhow. Kheyre ayaa la sheegay inuu uga garaabay Shariifka wixii tabasho ah oo dhankiisa uu ka qabay ama dhacdooyinkii Shariifka uu la kulmay intuu xilka hayay. Ma jiro wax war ah oo ay ka soo saareen kulankooda balse wararka qaar ayaa sheegaya in laga wada hadlay arrimo la xiriira xaalada siyaasadda dalka iyo doorashooyinka. Waxyaabaha ay ku heshiiyeen ayaa la sheegay iney ka mid tahay wada shaqeyn iyo in si dhow la isaga war-qabo, iyadoo Ilo ku dhow kulanka ay sheegayaan in lagu balamay kulamo kale. Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Linkedin LINE Previous articleDowlada Sudan oo qarka u saaran inay xiriir diblumaasi la sameysato Israel

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Xog: Kulan dhex-maray Shariif iyo Kheyre oo arrin aan la fileyn lagu soo qaaday

Facebook Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp Linkedin Email Print Viber Nairobi (Caasimada Online) – Waxaa galabta magaalada Nairobi ee dalka Kenya markoodii ugu horeysay kulan albaabadu u xiranyihiin ku yeeshay Madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya Shariif Sheekh Axmed iyo Ra‘iisul wasaarihii hore Xasan Cali Kheyre. Shariif iyo Kheyre ayaa baduba ah musharaxiin sanadkan u taagan qabashada xilka madaxweynaha Soomaaliya, waxaana kulankoodii galabta ku wehliyey xubno kale oo u badan xildhibaanno. Kulankaas intiisa badan waxaa looga wada-hadlay arrimo la xiriira xaaladda siyaasadeed ee dalka, gaar ahaan arrimaha doorashooyinka ee 2020/2021-ka. Intii uu socday kulankaas Ra’iisul wasaarihii hore Xasan Cali Kheyre ayaa sida aan xogta ku helnay Sheekh Shariif uga garaabay waxyaabaha uu ka tirsanayo xukuumadiisii, ee dhacay intii uu xilka hayey. Dad ku dhow Shariif ayaa Caasimada Online u sheegay in lama filaan ku noqotay in Kheyre hadda ka garaabay qaladaad dhacay intii uu xilka hayey, balse markaas uu ku dhiiran waayey inuu ka hadlo amaba ka hortago. Labada dhinac ayaa isla soo hadal qaaday dhowr arrimood oo ay ka mid tahay wada-shaqeyn dhow oo dhex marta iyo in si dhow la isaga war-qabo. Sidoo kale xogta aan ka helnay kulanka Sheekh Shariif iyo Xasan Cali Kheyre waxay sheegeysaa in labada masuul ay ku balameen kulamo kale iyo maalmaha soo socda la bilaabo isbaheysi siyaasadeed. Waxaa hadda magaalada Nairobi ka socda iskaashi siyaasadeed kii ugu adkaa oo lagu wajaho doorashada soo socota ee madaxtinimada Soomaaliya. Waxaana ku sugan xubno miisaan culus ku leh siyaasadda dalka. Facebook Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp Linkedin Email Print Viber