Friday, November 27, 2020

Ethiopia:Institutional Strength Over Institutional Strength

Addis Ababa (HAN) September 15. 2020. Public Diplomacy and Regional Stability Initiatives News. Monitoring Regional Issues. For the past two years, our country has been embroiled in conflicts that have claimed the lives of thousands and displaced many more.Key institutions such as parliament and the judiciary, which were designed to check the excesses of state power, are as weak as they have ever been. Instead of building understanding and consensus, our political conversations have also become more and more corrosive.

We need to recognize that our problems are complicated and that they require cool-headed assessment, not social media shouting matches. In that spirit, we should draw lessons from the historical experiences of other countries when it comes to the daunting process of building inclusive institutions.

History books are littered with examples of leaders coming to power in the name of radical change and eventually reproducing the same extractive institutions that they sought to reform.

In fact, these cases are so abundant that the sociologist Robert Michels calls this empirical regularity the Iron Law of Oligarchy. Michels argues that the internal logic of any oligarchic structure, as a matter of fact any hierarchical organization, is such that it tends to be reproduced even when a different group of elites are in charge.

Thanks to recent advances in the political economy of development, especially due to the pioneering contributions of MIT economist Daron Acemoglu and University of Chicago political scientist James Robinson, we now know a great deal about why political and economic institutions matter, why they tend to persist, and how they change. In their magnum opus, Why Nations Fail, these scholars outline three important reasons why extractive institutions, like those in Ethiopia,  tend to persist.

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Donald Trump oo Hal shardi ku xiray inuu xilka banneeyo, kuna adkeystay in Doorashadii Mareykanka..

Madaxweynaha xilligiisu sii dhammaanayo ee Donald Trump ayaa sheegay in doorashadii dalkaasi ee madaxweynaha looga shubtay, ayna dhacday ku shubasho baahsan oo dalkaasi hareysay. Isagoo warbaahinta la hadlayey munaasabadda Ciidu-shurkiga loo yaqaan ayuu Trump caddeeyay inuu xilka banneynayo haddii Ergada Doorashada dalkaasi ay u coddeeyaan Joe Biden, laakiin wuxuu ku dooday in Doorashada madaxweynaha Mareykanka 2020 uu ka dhacay musuq baahsan. Ad Madaxweyne Trump oo ilaa 3-dii bishan Novembar diiday inuu qirto in looga adkaaday doorashada ayaa weli ku adkeysanaya inuu ku guuleystay codadka shacabka Mareykanka ee gaaaya 74 milyan oo qof, balse codadka uu heysto Joe Biden ee ku dhow 80-ka Milyan ay yihiin kuwo been abuur ah. Dacwado badan oo ay gobollo badan ku soo oogeen kooxda Trump si dib loogu tiriyo ama codadka qaar sharci darro laga dhigo ayaa intooda badan guuleysan waayey, waxaana ugu danbeyn Trump uu ku socdaa inuu xilka ka dego 20 Janaayo 2021 oo la dhaarin doono madaxweynaha cusub ee Mareykanka Joe Biden. Warar Xul ah

Germany surpasses one million cases of Covid-19

Germany hit another grim milestone in the coronavirus pandemic on Friday, crossing over 1 million confirmed cases of COVID-19. The Robert Koch Institute, the country’s disease control center, said Germany’s 16 states reported 22,806 cases overnight for a total of 1,6006,394 since the outbreak. Despite the large number of infections, Germany has seen fewer deaths than many other European countries, with 15,586 – compared with over 50,000 in, for example, the United Kingdom, Italy and France. A rapid response to the first outbreak, massive tests and a robust hospital system have been credited for keeping the death rate down. A total of 696,100 people have recovered from the virus, according to data from the Robert Koch Institute. The country is almost a month into a so-called “wave-breaker” shutdown that was set up on November 2 after an alarming increase in daily figures to new record highs. Friday’s total was slightly less than what was reported a week ago and officials say the new measures have managed to stop the sharp increase. But Chancellor Angela Merkel and state governors decided earlier this week to extend the shutdown well into December and add more restrictions to try to bring the numbers down to less than 50 per 100,000 inhabitants each week. It is only at that level or below that officials say they can effectively track outbreaks to implement quarantines when needed. Currently, the country sees about 138 cases per 100,000 according to the Robert Koch Institute. (AP)

Colaadda Tigray: Cabsi laga qabo dagaal jabhadeyn ah

4 Daqiiqadood ka horXigashada Sawirka, AFPUrurka TPLF oo ku dhawaad 30 sano ka talinayay deegaanka Tigray ee Itoobiya ayaa hadda u muuqda inuu isu diyaarinayo dagaal jabhadeyn ah oo uu ciidamada dowladda kula galo dhulkaas buuraleyda u badan.Hase yeeshee milateriga Itoobiya ayaa rumaysan in duulaanka uu hadda wado uu kaga hortagi karo xaalad noocaas ah, waxaana yoolka dowladdu yahay inay TPLF kala wareegto awoodda, xabsigana dhigto hogaamiyayaasha iyo saraakiisha ciidan ee ururkaas oo tiro ahaan lagu qiyaasay inay ka badan yihiin 70 qof.Waxaa saraakiishaas kamid ah kuwo dowr muhiim ah ka qaatay jabhadeyntii ay mudada 17-ka sano ah TPLF waday illaa ay ka qabsatay caasimadda Addis Ababa sanadkii 1991. Sidoo kale waxaa ku jira kuwo hogaanka ciidanka iyo sirdoonka Itoobiya soo ahaa illaa uu xukunka la wareegay Abiy Axmed sanadkii 2018. "Diyaar u ah dhimasho"Xooggaga TPLF ayaa hub noocyo kale duwan leh oo ay ku jiraan gantaallo ka qaatay saldhigga taliska waqooyi ee ay weerarreen horraantii November, inkastoo uu ciidanka cirka ee Itoobiya leeyahay awood wanaagsan.Mas'uuliyiin ka tirsan TPLF ayaa sheegay inay qabsadeen qeybo kamid ah taliskaas, maadaama ay u muuqatay in dowladda Federaalka ay duulaan ku soo ahayd. Weerarkaas kadib, Abiy Axmed ayaa ku eedeeyay TPLF inay ka gudubtay khadka cas, sidaana waxa uu ku amray duqeymo ka dhan ah Tigray.Laba iyo labaatan maalmood kadib markii uu bilowday duulaanka, ra'iisal wasaare Abiy ayaa shaaciyay in ciidamadiisa ay billaabeen "wejigii u dambeeyay" ee hawlgalka ay kula wareegayaan gacan ku haynta magaalada Mekelle.Balse hogaamiyaha TPLF, Debretsion Gebremichael, ayaa waraysi uu siiyay AFP horraantii todobaadkan waxa uu ku sheegay: "Waxaan nahay dad mabda' leh oo diyaar u ah inay u dhintaan difaaca deegaankooda."Xigashada Sawirka, Getty ImagesDhinacee haysta askarta u badan? William Davison oo ka tirsan ururka ICG ayaa sheegay in TPLF ay heli karto in ka badan 200,000 oo dagaalyahan oo isugu jira maleeshiyaad tuulooyinka ku sugan iyo ciidamo si gaar ah u tababaran. "Maadaama ay sanadihii dambe isbedalaysay siyaasadda Itoobiya, waxaa askar qorasho iyo tababarba ay ka socdeen gobolka Tigray," ayuu u sheegay BBC.Wakaaladda wararka ee Reuters ayaa sheegtay in ciidamada u diyaarsan hawlgalka ee Itoobiya ay tiro ahaan ku dhaw yihiin 140,000 oo askari, intooda badanna ay yihiin ciidanka lugta. Haddii tirooyinkaas ay sax yihiin, waxa ay ka dhigan tahay in milateriga Itoobiya ay ka askar yar yihiin TPLF, balse xukuumadda Addis Ababa ayaa gurmad ka heli karta ciidamada gaarka ah ee deegaannada dalka. Durbadiiba markii uu dagaalka bilowday, ciidamada deegaanka Amxaarada ayaa kuwa federaalka gacan ka siiyay qabsashada dhul ka tirsan Galbeedka Tigray.Xigashada Sawirka, AFPGo'doominta TigrayArhe Hamednaca, oo ka qeyb qaatay dagaalladii jabhadaha ay kula jireen dowladdii Mengistu Haile Mariam ayaa sheegay in duulaanka socda ay Addis Ababa uga gol leedahay inay gacanta ku dhigto deegaannada ku teedsan xuduudda Sudan."Qaabka keliya ee ay TPLF ku baxsan karto ama ay saad ku heli karto ayaa ah dhanka Sudan," ayuu yiri.Sidoo kale, waxaa ka go'an dhanka Eritrea oo xiriirka wanaagsan ee ka dhexeeya Madaxweyne Isaias Afwerki iyo Ra'iisal wasaare Abiy Axmed ayaa caqabad ku ah TPLF.Goobjoogayaal ku sugan Eritrea ayaa BBC-da u sheegay in ciidamada Itoobiya ay isku soo urursadaan, dhaawacoodana ku daweystaan cisbitaallada milateriga ee gudaha waddankaas, inkastoo Addis Ababa iyo Asmara ay labaduba beeniyeen in Eritrea ay ku lug leedahay colaadda Tigray."Tigray waa la go'doomiyay. TPLF ma sii wadi karto dagaal toos ah," ayuu yiri Davison.Balse taas kama dhigna in ciidamada federaalka ay si sahlan uga guulaysan karaan xooggaga TPLF.Arhe ayaa sheegay inay jiraan tusaalooyin muujinaya jabhado la dagaallamay ciidamo ka awood badan."Maraykanku waxa uu Afghanistan ku haystaa dhammaan noocyada Drones-ka iyo diyaaradaha dagaalka, balse Taliban weli lagama adkaan. Xuutiyiinta Yemen waxa ay ka badbaadeen hubka casriga ah ee Sacuudiga iyo Imaaraadka,"ayuu yiri Arhe.Davison ayaa sheegay in inkastoo ay milateriga Itoobiya ay ku wajahan yihiin Mekelle, aysan caddeeyn inta degmo ee ay gacanta ku hayaan ama ay soo mareen. Yey raaci doonaan shacabka Tigray? Waxaa suuragal ah in qaar badan oo kamid ah shacabka Tigray ay u baxaan tuulooyinka iyo buuraha si ay isugu diyaariyaan dagaal jabhadeyn ah, sida uu ku doodayo Davison.Dadka Tigray ayaa inta badan taageersan hannaanka federaalka ee ay TPLF Itoobiya ka hirgelisay markii ay xukunka la wareegtay 1991. Ururkan ayaa ku eedeeyay Abiy Axmed inuu doonayo dowlad dhexe oo awood leh. Xigashada Sawirka, Getty ImagesHase yeeshee tifaftiraha BBC Tigrinya, Samuel Ghebhrehiwet, ayaa sheegay in aan meesha laga saari karin in shacab badan oo deegaankaas ah ay taageeraan xukuumadda Federaalka."Markii uu socday halgankii hubaysnaa ee ka dhanka ahaa Mengistu, shacabka Tigray waxay taageero buuxda siiyeen jabhadda. Balse ku dhawaad 30 sano oo ay TPLF xukunka haysay, qaar badan oo Tigray ah ayaa quus ka taagan musuq-maasuqa iyo dulmiga ka jira deegaanka," ayuu yiri Samuel.Waxa uu rumaysan yahay in natiijada dagaalka Mekelle ay go'aamin doonta in TPLF ay duurka gasho iyo inkale. Xitaa haddii uu milateriga Itoobita ka guulaysto ururkaasi, Samuel ayaa rumaysan in qaab keliya ee colaaddan xal looga gaari karo ay tahay wadaxaajood ay dhinacyada ku heshiiyaan.

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Donald Trump oo Hal shardi ku xiray inuu xilka banneeyo, kuna adkeystay in Doorashadii Mareykanka..

Madaxweynaha xilligiisu sii dhammaanayo ee Donald Trump ayaa sheegay in doorashadii dalkaasi ee madaxweynaha looga shubtay, ayna dhacday ku shubasho baahsan oo dalkaasi hareysay. Isagoo warbaahinta la hadlayey munaasabadda Ciidu-shurkiga loo yaqaan ayuu Trump caddeeyay inuu xilka banneynayo haddii Ergada Doorashada dalkaasi ay u coddeeyaan Joe Biden, laakiin wuxuu ku dooday in Doorashada madaxweynaha Mareykanka 2020 uu ka dhacay musuq baahsan. Ad Madaxweyne Trump oo ilaa 3-dii bishan Novembar diiday inuu qirto in looga adkaaday doorashada ayaa weli ku adkeysanaya inuu ku guuleystay codadka shacabka Mareykanka ee gaaaya 74 milyan oo qof, balse codadka uu heysto Joe Biden ee ku dhow 80-ka Milyan ay yihiin kuwo been abuur ah. Dacwado badan oo ay gobollo badan ku soo oogeen kooxda Trump si dib loogu tiriyo ama codadka qaar sharci darro laga dhigo ayaa intooda badan guuleysan waayey, waxaana ugu danbeyn Trump uu ku socdaa inuu xilka ka dego 20 Janaayo 2021 oo la dhaarin doono madaxweynaha cusub ee Mareykanka Joe Biden. Warar Xul ah

Germany surpasses one million cases of Covid-19

Germany hit another grim milestone in the coronavirus pandemic on Friday, crossing over 1 million confirmed cases of COVID-19. The Robert Koch Institute, the country’s disease control center, said Germany’s 16 states reported 22,806 cases overnight for a total of 1,6006,394 since the outbreak. Despite the large number of infections, Germany has seen fewer deaths than many other European countries, with 15,586 – compared with over 50,000 in, for example, the United Kingdom, Italy and France. A rapid response to the first outbreak, massive tests and a robust hospital system have been credited for keeping the death rate down. A total of 696,100 people have recovered from the virus, according to data from the Robert Koch Institute. The country is almost a month into a so-called “wave-breaker” shutdown that was set up on November 2 after an alarming increase in daily figures to new record highs. Friday’s total was slightly less than what was reported a week ago and officials say the new measures have managed to stop the sharp increase. But Chancellor Angela Merkel and state governors decided earlier this week to extend the shutdown well into December and add more restrictions to try to bring the numbers down to less than 50 per 100,000 inhabitants each week. It is only at that level or below that officials say they can effectively track outbreaks to implement quarantines when needed. Currently, the country sees about 138 cases per 100,000 according to the Robert Koch Institute. (AP)

Colaadda Tigray: Cabsi laga qabo dagaal jabhadeyn ah

4 Daqiiqadood ka horXigashada Sawirka, AFPUrurka TPLF oo ku dhawaad 30 sano ka talinayay deegaanka Tigray ee Itoobiya ayaa hadda u muuqda inuu isu diyaarinayo dagaal jabhadeyn ah oo uu ciidamada dowladda kula galo dhulkaas buuraleyda u badan.Hase yeeshee milateriga Itoobiya ayaa rumaysan in duulaanka uu hadda wado uu kaga hortagi karo xaalad noocaas ah, waxaana yoolka dowladdu yahay inay TPLF kala wareegto awoodda, xabsigana dhigto hogaamiyayaasha iyo saraakiisha ciidan ee ururkaas oo tiro ahaan lagu qiyaasay inay ka badan yihiin 70 qof.Waxaa saraakiishaas kamid ah kuwo dowr muhiim ah ka qaatay jabhadeyntii ay mudada 17-ka sano ah TPLF waday illaa ay ka qabsatay caasimadda Addis Ababa sanadkii 1991. Sidoo kale waxaa ku jira kuwo hogaanka ciidanka iyo sirdoonka Itoobiya soo ahaa illaa uu xukunka la wareegay Abiy Axmed sanadkii 2018. "Diyaar u ah dhimasho"Xooggaga TPLF ayaa hub noocyo kale duwan leh oo ay ku jiraan gantaallo ka qaatay saldhigga taliska waqooyi ee ay weerarreen horraantii November, inkastoo uu ciidanka cirka ee Itoobiya leeyahay awood wanaagsan.Mas'uuliyiin ka tirsan TPLF ayaa sheegay inay qabsadeen qeybo kamid ah taliskaas, maadaama ay u muuqatay in dowladda Federaalka ay duulaan ku soo ahayd. Weerarkaas kadib, Abiy Axmed ayaa ku eedeeyay TPLF inay ka gudubtay khadka cas, sidaana waxa uu ku amray duqeymo ka dhan ah Tigray.Laba iyo labaatan maalmood kadib markii uu bilowday duulaanka, ra'iisal wasaare Abiy ayaa shaaciyay in ciidamadiisa ay billaabeen "wejigii u dambeeyay" ee hawlgalka ay kula wareegayaan gacan ku haynta magaalada Mekelle.Balse hogaamiyaha TPLF, Debretsion Gebremichael, ayaa waraysi uu siiyay AFP horraantii todobaadkan waxa uu ku sheegay: "Waxaan nahay dad mabda' leh oo diyaar u ah inay u dhintaan difaaca deegaankooda."Xigashada Sawirka, Getty ImagesDhinacee haysta askarta u badan? William Davison oo ka tirsan ururka ICG ayaa sheegay in TPLF ay heli karto in ka badan 200,000 oo dagaalyahan oo isugu jira maleeshiyaad tuulooyinka ku sugan iyo ciidamo si gaar ah u tababaran. "Maadaama ay sanadihii dambe isbedalaysay siyaasadda Itoobiya, waxaa askar qorasho iyo tababarba ay ka socdeen gobolka Tigray," ayuu u sheegay BBC.Wakaaladda wararka ee Reuters ayaa sheegtay in ciidamada u diyaarsan hawlgalka ee Itoobiya ay tiro ahaan ku dhaw yihiin 140,000 oo askari, intooda badanna ay yihiin ciidanka lugta. Haddii tirooyinkaas ay sax yihiin, waxa ay ka dhigan tahay in milateriga Itoobiya ay ka askar yar yihiin TPLF, balse xukuumadda Addis Ababa ayaa gurmad ka heli karta ciidamada gaarka ah ee deegaannada dalka. Durbadiiba markii uu dagaalka bilowday, ciidamada deegaanka Amxaarada ayaa kuwa federaalka gacan ka siiyay qabsashada dhul ka tirsan Galbeedka Tigray.Xigashada Sawirka, AFPGo'doominta TigrayArhe Hamednaca, oo ka qeyb qaatay dagaalladii jabhadaha ay kula jireen dowladdii Mengistu Haile Mariam ayaa sheegay in duulaanka socda ay Addis Ababa uga gol leedahay inay gacanta ku dhigto deegaannada ku teedsan xuduudda Sudan."Qaabka keliya ee ay TPLF ku baxsan karto ama ay saad ku heli karto ayaa ah dhanka Sudan," ayuu yiri.Sidoo kale, waxaa ka go'an dhanka Eritrea oo xiriirka wanaagsan ee ka dhexeeya Madaxweyne Isaias Afwerki iyo Ra'iisal wasaare Abiy Axmed ayaa caqabad ku ah TPLF.Goobjoogayaal ku sugan Eritrea ayaa BBC-da u sheegay in ciidamada Itoobiya ay isku soo urursadaan, dhaawacoodana ku daweystaan cisbitaallada milateriga ee gudaha waddankaas, inkastoo Addis Ababa iyo Asmara ay labaduba beeniyeen in Eritrea ay ku lug leedahay colaadda Tigray."Tigray waa la go'doomiyay. TPLF ma sii wadi karto dagaal toos ah," ayuu yiri Davison.Balse taas kama dhigna in ciidamada federaalka ay si sahlan uga guulaysan karaan xooggaga TPLF.Arhe ayaa sheegay inay jiraan tusaalooyin muujinaya jabhado la dagaallamay ciidamo ka awood badan."Maraykanku waxa uu Afghanistan ku haystaa dhammaan noocyada Drones-ka iyo diyaaradaha dagaalka, balse Taliban weli lagama adkaan. Xuutiyiinta Yemen waxa ay ka badbaadeen hubka casriga ah ee Sacuudiga iyo Imaaraadka,"ayuu yiri Arhe.Davison ayaa sheegay in inkastoo ay milateriga Itoobiya ay ku wajahan yihiin Mekelle, aysan caddeeyn inta degmo ee ay gacanta ku hayaan ama ay soo mareen. Yey raaci doonaan shacabka Tigray? Waxaa suuragal ah in qaar badan oo kamid ah shacabka Tigray ay u baxaan tuulooyinka iyo buuraha si ay isugu diyaariyaan dagaal jabhadeyn ah, sida uu ku doodayo Davison.Dadka Tigray ayaa inta badan taageersan hannaanka federaalka ee ay TPLF Itoobiya ka hirgelisay markii ay xukunka la wareegtay 1991. Ururkan ayaa ku eedeeyay Abiy Axmed inuu doonayo dowlad dhexe oo awood leh. Xigashada Sawirka, Getty ImagesHase yeeshee tifaftiraha BBC Tigrinya, Samuel Ghebhrehiwet, ayaa sheegay in aan meesha laga saari karin in shacab badan oo deegaankaas ah ay taageeraan xukuumadda Federaalka."Markii uu socday halgankii hubaysnaa ee ka dhanka ahaa Mengistu, shacabka Tigray waxay taageero buuxda siiyeen jabhadda. Balse ku dhawaad 30 sano oo ay TPLF xukunka haysay, qaar badan oo Tigray ah ayaa quus ka taagan musuq-maasuqa iyo dulmiga ka jira deegaanka," ayuu yiri Samuel.Waxa uu rumaysan yahay in natiijada dagaalka Mekelle ay go'aamin doonta in TPLF ay duurka gasho iyo inkale. Xitaa haddii uu milateriga Itoobita ka guulaysto ururkaasi, Samuel ayaa rumaysan in qaab keliya ee colaaddan xal looga gaari karo ay tahay wadaxaajood ay dhinacyada ku heshiiyaan.

Sawiro: Murashax Jabril Ibrahim Cabdulle oo si diiran loogu soo dhaweeyay Muqdisho

Facebook Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp Linkedin Email Print Viber Mid ka mid ah murashaxiinta ugu tunka weyn doorashada 2021 ayaa maanta soo gaaray magaalada Muqdisho. Jabril Ibrahim Cabdulle ayaa waxaa soo dhaweyntiisa ka qeyb qaatay siyaasiyiin, dhalinyaro, bulsharada rayidka ah & haweenka magaalada Muqdisho. Soo dhaweynta oo ahayd mid si heer sare ah loo soo agaasimayay waxaa shacabka Gobolka Banaadir aay safnaayeen aafafka hore ee wadada garoonka diyaaradaha ee magaalada Muqdisho. Murashax Jabril oo saxaafadda kula hadlay Hotel Royal Palace ayaa sheegay in uu maalmaha soo socdo ku dhawaaqi doono in uu yahay Murashax u taagan xilka Madaxweynaha JFS. Jabril Cabdulle ayaa ku nuux nuuxsaday in loo turo shacabka Soomaaliyeed isagoo dowladda & mucaaradkaba ka codsaday in la yareeyo hadalada xanafta leh ee keeni kara in colaad sokeeye dib loogu noqdo, wuxuuna ballan qaaday in uu awoodda dowlanimo ku soo celin doono shacabka haddii uu ku guuleysto xilka Madaxweyne, wuxuuna ballan qaaday in aay dalka ka dhici doonto doorasho qof iyo cod ah. Jabril Cabdulle oo ka mid ah murashaxiinta dhalinyarada ah ee isku soo taagaya xilka sare ee Madaxweyne, ayaa aqoon durugsan u leh dib u heshiisiinta & dowlad wanaagga, wuxuuna la soo shaqeeyay dhammaan dowladahii ku meel gaarka ahaa tan & sanadkii 2004. Jabril oo madax ka soo noqday hay’adda CRD ayaa lagu xusuustaa dib u heshiisiintii uu ka sameeyay gobolada dalka intii aay jirtay burburkii dowladnimo, waana aasaasihii ururada bulshada ee ka jira dalka. Facebook Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp Linkedin Email Print Viber

Trump oo Shardi ku xiray aqoosashada in looga guulastay Doorashadi Maraykanka.

Madaxweynaha Mareykanka Donald Trump ayaa sheegay shalay Khamiistii inuu iska tagayo Aqalka Cad haddii Guddiga nidaamka ergada doorashada ay caddeyaan in Joe Biden uu yahay midka ku guulaystay Dorashada dalka Maraynka afarta sano soo socda. Donald Trump ayaa horay u diiday inuu aqbalo guuldaradii ka soo gaadhay Doorashadi laqabtay 3 Bisha November, isagaa sheegay in doorashada laga shubtay uun marna aqbalidoonin in laga guulastay Arintan ayaa u eg mid muujinaysa in Trump uu soo dibcay , aqoon sandoonana in laga guulaystay Doorashadi , Mr Biden uu yahay madaxweynha ku Guulastay madaxtinimad dalka maraykanka. Codbixiyeyaasha nidaamka ergada doorashad ayaa kulmi doonaan bisha soo socota si ay cod rasmi ah uga dhigaan, iyadoo Dimuquraadiga Joe Biden loo dhaarin doono xilka madaxweynenimada 20-ka bisha Janaayo. Donald Trump iyo taageerayaashiisa ayaa dacwado dhowr ah oo dhanka sharciga ah u gudbiyey doorashada, laakiin badankood waa ladiiday. Horraantii toddobaadkan, Mr Trump wuxuu ugu dambayntii ogolaaday diyaarinta kala-guurka rasmiga ah ee kooxda madaxweynaha la doortay Biden.