Thursday, October 29, 2020

Ethiopia could break up. Soon than later?

The feud between Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the ruling party in the strategically important Tigray region is escalating, raising fears of military confrontation and the break-up of Africa’s second most-populous nation.The tensions revolve around the regional government’s decision to press ahead with organising its own election for the Tigray parliament on Wednesday, in an unprecedented act of defiance against the federal government.This is the latest sign that Mr Abiy is struggling to retain his reputation as a peace-broker – about a year after he won the Nobel Peace Prize for ending a border war with Eritrea and for his efforts to democratise Ethiopia.About 9,000 people have been arrested in Ethiopia in the deadly clashes which followed the killing of singer Hachalu Hundessa in June, human rights activists say, leading to concerns that there could be a return to the authoritarian rule that the prime minister had promised to end when he took office in 2018.

What is the cause of tensions?

The ruling party in the region, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), sent political shockwaves across Ethiopia, when it announced that elections for a regional parliament would take place despite the federal government and electoral board announcing the postponement of all elections.Since the end of Marxist rule in 1991 and up until recently, the TPLF had been in a ruling coalition of ethnically based parties, each in control of their own region in a federal system. So its disagreement with Mr Abiy is a deep fracture at the very core of power in the country.

The TPLF argued – like opposition groups – that Mr Abiy’s mandate should end this month as the parliamentary terms comes to an end, and the postponement of elections that were supposed to have happened in August, was in breach of the constitution and raised the prospect of Mr Abiy becoming an “illegitimate” ruler.

Mr Abiy’s allies say the electoral commission postponed the election because of the outbreak of coronavirus, and not because the prime minister wants to cling to power, as opposition parties argue.They say that he remains a legitimate ruler, as the federal parliament has extended his term for a further 12 months, by when the threat posed by the pandemic would hopefully recede and elections would be held.

So what is the significance of the TPLF’s decision?

It has raised concern that the TPLF could be laying the groundwork for the creation of a breakaway state, with a parliament and government taking office without the blessing of the federal government.The TPLF maintains that it is committed to keeping the region within Ethiopia, but it will defend “self-rule” and oppose what it calls Mr Abiy’s attempt build a strong “unitary” state.”We will never back down for anyone who is intending to suppress our hard-won right to self-determination and self-rule,” the region’s leader, Debretsion Gebremichael, said last month.

His statement came a few days after regional security forces – armed with AK-47 rifles and RPG rocket launchers – marched in major cities in Tigray, in a display of military might that intensified worries about armed confrontation.”We are ready to pay the necessary price for our peace,” the region’s security office wrote on Facebook on the day of the parade.

What has been Mr Abiy’s government’s response?

It has declared the Tigray elections illegal, saying that only the national electoral board has the power to organise polls.

However, Mr Abiy has ruled out sending federal troops into the region to stop the election, saying it would be “madness” to do so.”The federal government has no intention and interest to attack its own people,” he said on 25 July.But pro-Abiy hardliners, including former army General Kassaye Chemeda, have called for military intervention in Tigray.”The government should plan well, and they should be attacked,” he said in an interview with the government-affiliated Walta TV.The International Crisis Group (ICG) think-tank says that some federal officials have raised the possibility of retaliating by taking “punitive” action against the Tigray government – for instance, by withholding financial grants, which amount to half the region’s budget.Responding to a call by the upper house of the federal government to meet on Saturday to discuss Tigray’s election, the regional government warned that any decision to stop or disrupt the regional election is “tantamount to declaration of war”.Furthermore, Tigrayan members of the upper house said they would boycott the meeting.

Why have relations soured so much?

The TPLF – which was extremely influential in the federal government since Marxist rule ended in 1991, with its leader, Meles Zenawi, serving as prime minister from 1995 to 2012 – has keenly felt the loss of power under Mr Abiy.It saw the prime minister’s widely welcomed campaign to end human rights abuses and corruption as a victimisation of TPLF members, especially after senior military and security officers were either purged or arrested soon after Mr Abiy took office in 2018 following mass protests against the former regime.

Ex-spy chef Getachew Assefa managed to evade arrest after reportedly fleeing to Tigray.

The TPLF’s influence at the centre weakened even further after Mr Abiy launched the Prosperity Party (PP) – a merger of ethnically-based parties that used to form the ruling coalition.The TPLF refused to join the PP, leaving it without any influence in the federal government for the first time since Marxist rule ended. Mr Abiy sacked some of its members from the cabinet, while others resigned.As a result, the TPLF has increasingly retreated to its regional headquarters, Mekelle, raising concerns that its ties with the rest of Ethiopia were loosening.The federal government crackdown following Hachalu’s killing has also fuelled what some analysts call a siege mentality within the TPLF.

Security forces raided and closed the office of a TPLF-affiliated television station, Dimtsi Woyane, in the capital. They also shut the Oromo Media Network’s television station, which is linked to detained opposition politician Jawar Mohammed.

Federal and PP officials accused the TPLF of involvement in Hachalu’s murder, and of “working to destabilise the country”.The TPLF responded by saying that the party was being scapegoated for Mr Abiy’s “incompetent rule” and the “mess created by his administration”.

How serious is the threat of secession?

The TPLF played a pivotal role in the overthrow of the Marxist regime in 1991, and the drafting of the constitution that gives ethnic groups the right to self-determination and their own state.Although the party has never expressed any desire for Tigray to secede, it has always said this right should be respected.

Furthermore, a new opposition party, the Tigray Independence Party (TIP), has emerged to contest the regional election. It describes Ethiopia as an “empire”, and says its prime mission is to secure Tigray’s independence.

Some academics in Tigray are also entertaining the idea of secession. So for the first time since 1991, the topic is on the agenda of mainstream politics in Tigray.Two other Tigray nationalist parties contesting the poll, Salsay Woyane Tigrai and Baytona, say they want the region to have more autonomy to secure its territorial integrity, promote its language, and preserve its heritage.

The TPLF currently controls all the seats in the regional parliament, and the election will be carefully watched to see if the more nationalist and pro-secession parties win some seats to pursue their agenda further.As for Mr Abiy, he has repeatedly said that Ethiopia will “never” disintegrate, indicating that he is confident that he can hold the nation together, despite the ethnic, religious and political violence that has hit different parts of the country, leaving about two million people homeless since he took office.The TPLF says the displaced include about 120,000 Tigrayans, who constitute, according to the 2007 census, around 6% of the population.

What about mediation efforts?

On 16 August, more than 50 religious leaders, elders and prominent personalities travelled from the federal capital, Addis Ababa, to Mekelle city in an attempt to ease tensions. The fruit of their efforts are yet to be seen.The ICG think-tank said “weightier” mediators may be needed.”Prominent African statesmen with strong ties to both the TPLF and Abiy could play this role,” it added.Other analysts say this is vital as the success of Ethiopia’s peace initiative with Eritrea hinges on stability in Tigray.

The region borders Eritrea, and was at the centre of the 1998 war between the two nations.Tens of thousands were killed in the conflict after Eritrea launched an offensive to gain control of the town of Badme from Ethiopia’s Tigray region.

Mr Abiy signed a deal in 2018 with Eritrea’s President Isaias Afwerki to end the “state of war”, resulting in border crossings between the two countries reopening.

However, the border crossings are once again shut. The reasons are unclear, but the Ethiopian government at one point said that the two countries were working to establish proper customs posts.Nor has the status of Badme been resolved. Eritrea wants Ethiopia to abide by a UN-backed border commission ruling to hand over the town. But this cannot be achieved without the cooperation of the government in Tigray, as it administers the area.So, the Nobel laureate may find that to achieve lasting peace with Eritrea, he will first need to resolve his differences with the TPLF.

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Frank Lampard Oo Go’aan Ka Gaadhaya Masuuliyada Rikoodhada Kooxdiisa Kadib Markii Jorginho Laga Qabtay Kulamadii Ugu Dambeeyay.

Tababaraha Kooxda cheslea ee Frank Lampard ayaa lagu soo waramayaa in uu doonayo in uu xiddiga Jorgino ka qaado masuuliyada rikoodhada kooxdiisa kadib markii xiddiga rikoodhe laga qabtay kulankii Champions League. Xiddiga reer Italy ayaa rikoodhadii 2-aad laga qabtay xilli ciyaareedkan kulankii champions league ee Arbacadii kadib markii uu iska khasaariyay rikoodhe kulankii Liverpool ee Premier League. Wargayska Metro ayaa sheegaya in uu Lampard doonayo in uu ka wareejiyo xiddiga masuuliyada rikoodhada inta ka dhiman xilli ciyaareedkan. Xiddigaha Timo Werner, Kai Havertz iyo xiddigo kale oo kooxdiisa ah ayaa la sheegayaa in ay u tartamayaan in ay qaataan masuuliyada rikoodhada kooxda chelsea.

FRANCE: Weerarkii Nice iyo Jawaabtii Macron

Madaxweynaha France Emmanuel Macron oo maanta booqday kaniisadii uu ka dhacay weerarka lagu dilay 3 qof ee magaalada Nice ayaa ka codsaday shacabka Faransiiska inay u midoobaan ka hortaga kooxaha Xagjirka ah.Weerarkii saaka ka dhacay  magaalada Nice ee koonfurta dalka France ayaa waxaa lagu dilay sadex qof oo ay midi tahay haweenay waayeel ah oo la sheegay inuu qoorta ka jaray ninka weerarka fuliyey. Macron oo sheegay in weerarkan uu geystay Islaami Xagjir ah, waa siduu hadalka u dhigayee ayaa sheegay inay dhankooda marnaba isu dhiibi doonin kooxaha weerarka ku ah dalkooda. Gacan-kudhiiglaha ayey ciidamada Booliiska qabteen 12 daqiiqo kadib markii uu weerarka fuliyey, waxaana soo gaaray ninkaasi dhaawac kadib markii ay toogteen askarta. Weli wax faah faahin ah lagama bixin aqoonsiga ninkaasi oo hada lagu hayo isbitaal lagu daaweenayo. Isla maanta ayey booliiska Faransiiska toogasho ku dileen ninkale oo ku sugnaa magaalada Avignon, kaasi oo la sheegay inuu watay mindi isagoo u hanjabayey dadka wadada marayey iyo ciidamada booliiska. Dowlada France ayaa heegankii ugu sareeyey gelisay guud ahaan dalkaasi oo lagu waday caawa inuu u bilowdo bandowga ka hortaga cudurka Covid19 oo dalkaasi faro-ba’an ku haya xiligan. Askarta Militariga oo gaaraya 7 kun ayaa la sheegay in lagu kabi doono ciidamada Booliiska si ay u illaaliyaan goobaha lagu cibaadeysto. Hogaamiyayaasha Caalamka iyo waliba ururada Islaamka ee dalkaasi France ayaa cambaareeyey weerarka lagu qaaday kaniisada Katooliga ee Nice. Dhinaca kale dowlada Sacuudiga ayaa sheegtay in gacanta lagu hayo nin ku hubeysnaa mindi oo isaguna maanta weerar ku qaaday Qunsuliyada Faransiiska ku leeyahay magaalada Jidah, waxaana weerarkaasi ku dhaawacmay askari waardiye ka ahaa Qunsuliyadaasi. Xiisada France iyo Dunnida Islaamka Weerarada ayaa la xariira xiisada sawirada ay daabaceen jaraa’idka Faransiiska ee lagu aflagaadeenayey Nebi Maxamed SCW, waxaana 2 asbuuc kahor dalkaasi lagu dilay macalim caruurtuu wax u dhigayey masawiradaasi tusay, dilkaasi ayuu geystay wiil muslim ah oo 18 sano jir ah oo asal ahaan kasoo jeeday Chechnia, kaasi oo ay toogasho ku dileen booliiska. Madaxweynaha Faransiiska Macron oo sheegay inuu difaacayo xoriyatul Qawlka dalkaasi iyo sawiradaasi ayaa sidoo kale xiisadan dab kusii shiday kadib markii uu sheegay inay tilaabo ka qaadi doonana ururada Islaamka iyo Masaajidada uu ku tilmaamay xagjirka, xukuumada Emmanuel Macron ayaa sidoo kale diyaarisay sharci ay ku tilmaamtay la dagaalanka Islaamiga Gooni-u-goosadka ah arrimahan oo ay si weyn u cambaareeyeen qaar kamid hogaamiyayaasha dalalka Islaamka. Maalmahan ayey banaanbaxyo ka dhan ah Faransiiska ay ka socdaan dunnida Islaamka, waxayna muslmiinta bilaabeen inay joojyaan inay iibsadaan alaabaha ay sameeyaan shirkadaha laga leeyahay dalka France. Hanad AskarHorseed Media

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Qunsuliyadda Faransiiska ee magaalada Jeddah oo la weeraray

Jeddah (Caasimada Online) – Ayada oo maanta weerar lagu dilay saddex qof, oo mid ka mid ah la gowracay, laga fuliyey magaalada Nice ee dalka Faransiiska, ayaa weerar kale lala beegsaday qunsuliyadda France ee magaalada Jeddah ee dalka Sacuudiga. Sida ay ku warrantay wakaaladda wararka ee AFP, nin mindi watay ayaa weeraray qunsuliyadda Faransiiska ee Jeddah, wuxuuna halkaas ku dhaawacay mid ka mid ah waardiyeyaasha. AFP waxay sheegtay in dhacdadaas oo maanta ahayd ay xaqiijiyeen saraakiisha Sacuudiga. Dhacdadan waxay imaaneysaa xilli uu weerar kale oo toorrey loo adeegsaday lagu qaaday kaniisad ku taalla magaalada Nice ee dalka Faransiiska, halkaas oo lagu dilay seddax qof, dhowr kalena lagu dhaawacay. Maamulka Faransiiska ayaa weerarkaas ku tilmaamay mid argagixiso. War qoraal ah oo ka soo baxay safaaradda Faransiiska ee Sacuudiga ayaa lagu sheegay: “Qofka weerarka soo qaaday waxa qabtay ciidamada amniga ee Sacuudiga, isla markii uu weerarka bilowday. Waardiyaha dhaawacmay waxaa loo qaaday isbitaal, xaaladdiisana ma xumo”, ayey qoreen AFP iyo Reuters. Booliska Gobolka Makah oo Jeddah ay ka tirsan tahay, waxay sheegeen in qofka la xiray uu u dhashay Sacuudiga, balse ma aysan sheegin dhalashada qofka dhaawacmay, sida ay qortay wakaaladda wararka ee Reuters. Safaaradda Faransiiska oo ku taalla Riyadh waxay si adag u cambaareysay weerarka, waxayna muwaadiniinteeda Sacuudiga ku sugan u sheegtay in ay “si wayn u feejignaadaan”, AFP ayaa sidaa ku warrantay. Dalka Faransiiska wuxuu wajahayaa car xoog leh oo ka dhalatay sawir-gacmeed laga sameeyay Nabi Maxamed NNKH.

Frank Lampard Oo Go’aan Ka Gaadhaya Masuuliyada Rikoodhada Kooxdiisa Kadib Markii Jorginho Laga Qabtay Kulamadii Ugu Dambeeyay.

Tababaraha Kooxda cheslea ee Frank Lampard ayaa lagu soo waramayaa in uu doonayo in uu xiddiga Jorgino ka qaado masuuliyada rikoodhada kooxdiisa kadib markii xiddiga rikoodhe laga qabtay kulankii Champions League. Xiddiga reer Italy ayaa rikoodhadii 2-aad laga qabtay xilli ciyaareedkan kulankii champions league ee Arbacadii kadib markii uu iska khasaariyay rikoodhe kulankii Liverpool ee Premier League. Wargayska Metro ayaa sheegaya in uu Lampard doonayo in uu ka wareejiyo xiddiga masuuliyada rikoodhada inta ka dhiman xilli ciyaareedkan. Xiddigaha Timo Werner, Kai Havertz iyo xiddigo kale oo kooxdiisa ah ayaa la sheegayaa in ay u tartamayaan in ay qaataan masuuliyada rikoodhada kooxda chelsea.

FRANCE: Weerarkii Nice iyo Jawaabtii Macron

Madaxweynaha France Emmanuel Macron oo maanta booqday kaniisadii uu ka dhacay weerarka lagu dilay 3 qof ee magaalada Nice ayaa ka codsaday shacabka Faransiiska inay u midoobaan ka hortaga kooxaha Xagjirka ah.Weerarkii saaka ka dhacay  magaalada Nice ee koonfurta dalka France ayaa waxaa lagu dilay sadex qof oo ay midi tahay haweenay waayeel ah oo la sheegay inuu qoorta ka jaray ninka weerarka fuliyey. Macron oo sheegay in weerarkan uu geystay Islaami Xagjir ah, waa siduu hadalka u dhigayee ayaa sheegay inay dhankooda marnaba isu dhiibi doonin kooxaha weerarka ku ah dalkooda. Gacan-kudhiiglaha ayey ciidamada Booliiska qabteen 12 daqiiqo kadib markii uu weerarka fuliyey, waxaana soo gaaray ninkaasi dhaawac kadib markii ay toogteen askarta. Weli wax faah faahin ah lagama bixin aqoonsiga ninkaasi oo hada lagu hayo isbitaal lagu daaweenayo. Isla maanta ayey booliiska Faransiiska toogasho ku dileen ninkale oo ku sugnaa magaalada Avignon, kaasi oo la sheegay inuu watay mindi isagoo u hanjabayey dadka wadada marayey iyo ciidamada booliiska. Dowlada France ayaa heegankii ugu sareeyey gelisay guud ahaan dalkaasi oo lagu waday caawa inuu u bilowdo bandowga ka hortaga cudurka Covid19 oo dalkaasi faro-ba’an ku haya xiligan. Askarta Militariga oo gaaraya 7 kun ayaa la sheegay in lagu kabi doono ciidamada Booliiska si ay u illaaliyaan goobaha lagu cibaadeysto. Hogaamiyayaasha Caalamka iyo waliba ururada Islaamka ee dalkaasi France ayaa cambaareeyey weerarka lagu qaaday kaniisada Katooliga ee Nice. Dhinaca kale dowlada Sacuudiga ayaa sheegtay in gacanta lagu hayo nin ku hubeysnaa mindi oo isaguna maanta weerar ku qaaday Qunsuliyada Faransiiska ku leeyahay magaalada Jidah, waxaana weerarkaasi ku dhaawacmay askari waardiye ka ahaa Qunsuliyadaasi. Xiisada France iyo Dunnida Islaamka Weerarada ayaa la xariira xiisada sawirada ay daabaceen jaraa’idka Faransiiska ee lagu aflagaadeenayey Nebi Maxamed SCW, waxaana 2 asbuuc kahor dalkaasi lagu dilay macalim caruurtuu wax u dhigayey masawiradaasi tusay, dilkaasi ayuu geystay wiil muslim ah oo 18 sano jir ah oo asal ahaan kasoo jeeday Chechnia, kaasi oo ay toogasho ku dileen booliiska. Madaxweynaha Faransiiska Macron oo sheegay inuu difaacayo xoriyatul Qawlka dalkaasi iyo sawiradaasi ayaa sidoo kale xiisadan dab kusii shiday kadib markii uu sheegay inay tilaabo ka qaadi doonana ururada Islaamka iyo Masaajidada uu ku tilmaamay xagjirka, xukuumada Emmanuel Macron ayaa sidoo kale diyaarisay sharci ay ku tilmaamtay la dagaalanka Islaamiga Gooni-u-goosadka ah arrimahan oo ay si weyn u cambaareeyeen qaar kamid hogaamiyayaasha dalalka Islaamka. Maalmahan ayey banaanbaxyo ka dhan ah Faransiiska ay ka socdaan dunnida Islaamka, waxayna muslmiinta bilaabeen inay joojyaan inay iibsadaan alaabaha ay sameeyaan shirkadaha laga leeyahay dalka France. Hanad AskarHorseed Media

Turkiga oo War ka soo saaray weerarkii maanta ka dhacay dalka Faransiiska

Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest WhatsApp - Advertisement - Turkiga ayaa cambaareeyay weerarkii maanta ka dhacay magaalada Nice ee dalka Faransiiska xili xiriirka labada dal uusan fiicneyn dhowaanahan. Qoraal ka soo baxay Wasaarada arrimaha dibeda ee Turkiga ayaa weerarkaas ku tilmaamay mid wuxuushnimo ah. Dowladda uu hoggaaminayo madaxweyne Erdogan ayaa dhowaan ka carootay hadallo ka soo yeeray Madaxweynaha Faransiiska, Emmanuel Macron, kaasoo ka dhan ahaa diinta islaamka iyo Nebi Maxamed NNKH. Saddex qof ayaa ku dhintay weerar toorrey loo adeegsaday oo ka dhacay magaalada Nice, ee dalka Faransiiska. Duqa magaalada Nice Christian Estrosi ayaa sheegay in hal qof loo xiray weerarkan. Weerarkan ayaa daba socda mid kale oo horraantii bishan ka dhacay meel u dhow iskuul ku yaalla waqooyi galbeed magaalada Paris. Samuel Paty, oo macallin ka ahaa iskuulka Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, ayaa la gowracay maalin kaddib markii uu qaar ka mid ah ardaydiisa tusay sawir-gacmeedyo la sheegay in laga sameeyay Nabi Muxamad NNKH. Xafiiska Shabakada Allbanaadir.comMuqdisho [email protected] - Advertisement - Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest WhatsApp Previous articleDEG DEG: Weerar lagu qaaday qunsuliyada Faransiiska ee Magaalada Jeddah (Sawirro)

Ma xog muhiim ah ayaa laga jabsaday ololaha doorashada Trump?

25 Daqiiqadood ka horXigashada Sawirka, ReutersBogga rasmiga ah ee madaxweyanaha Mareykanka, Donald Trump, ku leeyahay internet-ka ayaa la jabsaday, waxaana lagu soo daabacay farriin u muuqatay mid aflagaaddo ku ah Mr Trump.Kooxda u qaabilsan ololaha lagu doonayo dib usoo doorashadiisa ayaa sheegay inay hadda baarayaan sababta keentay in lala wareego website-ka muhiimka ah."Adduunku wuu ka daalay wararka been-abuurka ah ee uu maalin kasta soo gudbiyo madaxweynaha Mareykanka", ayaa lagu soo qoray website-ka oo in muddo ah gacanta ugu jiray kooxo burcadda internet-ka ah.Wax yar kaddib ayaa qoraalkaas laga saaray meesha.Mas'uuliyiinta maamuleysa ololaha Trump ayaa sheegay "inaysan jirin xog xasaasi ah oo halkaas lagala baxay, maadaama aan waxba lagu keydinin boggaas".Sawirro laga soo qaaday fadeexadda ku dhacday ololaha Trump ayaa lagu faafiyay baraha bulshada. Hay;adda Dambi Baarista Federaalka Mareykanka ee loo yaqaanno FBI-da iyo Waaxda Caddaaladda ayaa sheegay in farriinta lagu soo bandhigay boggaas ay tahay war been abuur ah, boggana ay la wareegeen qolyo burcad ah."Waxaa la joogaa waqtigii dunida loo fasixi lahaa inay runta ogaato," ayaa lagu yiri farriinta ay daabaceen qolyaha la wareegay bogga Trump. Waxay sidoo kale sheegeen inay caddeymo u hayaan in maamulka Trump "uu wax ka ogaa abuurista fayraska corona" uuna faragalin ku hayo doorashada madaxweynaha ee la filayo inay dhacdo 3-da bisha November.Farriintaas ayaa markaas kaddib lagu sheegay in xogtaas si loo bixiyo ay doonayaan lacag looga baddasho.Ma jiraan wax caddeymo ah oo taageeraya hadallada lagu sheegay farriintaas, maamulka madaxweyne Trump-na waxay beeniyeen in xog muhiim ah halkaas laga qaatay."Website-ka ololaha Trump waa la jabsaday, laamaha amniga ayaana kala shaqeyneynaa sidii baaritaan loogu sameyn lahaa arrintaas ku saabsan weerarka. Ma jirto xog muhiim ah oo laga jabsatay bogga sababtoo ah wax macluumaad ah laguma keydiyo website-kan," ayuu yiri agaasimaha waaxda warbaahinta ee Trump, oo lagu magacaabo Tim Murtaugh, oo la hadlay telefishinka CNN.