Wednesday, October 28, 2020

Eritrea’s Deteriorating State:OPINION

ADDIS ABABA (HAN) September 17. 2020. Public Diplomacy and Regional Stability Initiatives News. Monitoring Regional Issues. BY:Abraham T. Zere. The Government Response Stringency index (GRSI) is a composite score developed by researchers at Oxford University, to compare countries’ policy responses to the coronavirus pandemic. It uses nine response indicators to rank governments, including school closures, workplace closures, and travel bans in its assessment of who has the strictest measures. Eritrea has topped the list most of the time.

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BY:Abraham T. Zere

Eritrea has enforced a total lockdown since April 1, effectively banning all public transport, closing schools, and suspending everything in the literal sense, even postponing publishing the state newspaper—the only newspaper in the country—for five months. Although the pandemic’s consequences had been fatal across the world, in extremely impoverished countries like Eritrea where the essential food items are rationed in stores run by the ruling party, the magnitude of the lockdown is immense. Eritrea’s elites who hold absolute power have already frozen the state in time for more than two decades. Now families who have relatives in the diaspora depend on remittances to survive, subjected to extremely low exchange rates set by the ruling party’s financial sector, while the unlucky ones without family abroad suffer even more.

While the entire country has been put on hold, there is always an exception. During the past months, President Isaias Afwerki has traveled internationally three times to Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt with his big entourage. He also received Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the President of Sudan’s Sovereign Council, General Abdul Fattah al-Burhan in July and September, respectively. Prior to that he has been absent from the scene for more than two months ensuing the usual rumor of that he is incapacitated, or dead.Despite Historic Rapprochement With Ethiopia, 'Nothing Has Changed' in Eritrea

The second exception is secondary in school in Sawa, the notorious military training center. Since 2003, the final year of secondary school has been taught at Sawa. Eritrean secondary school students as young as 16 years old attend their last grade of secondary school at the harshest place and most unconducive environment. According to the country’s national service proclamation and other international treaties Eritrea signed, the minimum age of military training is 18. With barely any facilities; a temperature that reaches up to 45 degree Celsius (about 113 Fahrenheit); and very frequent sandstorms, Eritrean children in Sawa are officially introduced to the machinery of slavery. In the one-year program, students combine military drills and academic studies. After spending a year in the military camp, they sit for the secondary school graduation certificate examination, which decides the fate of their life: either join colleges or head to the army with no exit. The school has been described by Human Rights Watch’s senior Africa researcher as: “at the heart of its repressive system of control over its population.”

Many governments have been releasing thousands of prisoners and adopting their programs to ensure social distance since the COVID-19 pandemic broke out. The Eritrean diaspora has been pleading to their “government” to release prisoners of conscience and disperse thousands of students in Sawa, known for its overcrowding. In early April, the head of Economic Affairs for Eritrea’s ruling People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) party, Hagos “Kisha” Gebrehiwet, in an online seminar said that Sawa and prisons are the safest places for quarantine as they are secluded. About three months later, Sawa hosted two heads of states with their first ladies accompanied by an entourage. In July, Ethiopia’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, facing tremendous pressure at home and in search of externalizing his domestic crises, visited Sawa to observe “graduation-parade rehearsals.”

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A month later in mid-August, Sawa held its graduation ceremony, televised live. President Isaias Afwerki, who has never attended any graduation ceremonies of the defunct University of Asmara or other colleges, never misses Sawa’s ceremony. There was no indication in the ceremony of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Amid the strictest lockdown, 11th grade students have been recalled in August in what the minister of information described as “partial easing of restrictions,” to make up for the lost months. The aim was to prepare them at Sawa to attend their final year of training. Partial easing of lockdown restrictions, however, did not materialize apart from the recall of the students.

According to official announcements from the country’s ministry of health, the latest cases of COVID-19 have been from nationals who have returned from neighboring countries and no local transmission has been reported since early June. Yet, the lockdown has not been eased and there are now different quarantine centers for nationals who are returning from neighboring countries. It seems the pandemic came as a blessing for the regime that has been looking for excuses to confine its population.COVID 19 1 768x484 7 Eritrea’s Deteriorating State:OPINION

There is no sense of urgency in today’s Eritrea. It is a country under self-imposed political siege. Eritrean parents are still unsure about the fate of their children who were expected to start school in September. There is not any information about the lockdown’s end. In an already improvised state, famine has started hitting hard. The only response from the state has been to reinforce the lockdown.

There is no way to challenge the state policies from inside Eritrea. Former students of Sawa, in exile, have been campaigning to end the practice of sending secondary school children to the military camp. The campaign #EndHighSchoolInSawa has gained traction among the Eritrean diaspora and has been amplified inside the country with the help of the diaspora-based independent media. Some prominent figures, such as former defense minister and now an exile, Mesfin Hagos, have joined the call.

“The most important impact of the #EndHighSchoolInSawa campaign is it re-sensitizes as many Eritreans were numb and accepted this hideous policy as normal,” says US-based Haikel Negash, who was among the initiators of the campaign; she is also a former student of the school. Her colleague and a PhD student of history at Queens University, Samuel Emaha maintains that although they could not stop the school, “The campaign aims to bring the issue to the agenda and attention of the common people. The campaign effectively brought the problems associated with the program, mainly because former students lacked the platform to speak about the school.”

Many former students of the school have now been loudly describing their harsh treatment at the school. Some former students have shared that they experienced rape and sexual harassment at Sawa, in line with reports on the problem from human rights organizations for years.Image

But the campaign was unable to force the Eritrean government to change its policy. Since September 8, high school students from all over the country have been heading to Sawa. The possible consequences of such a policy in the pandemic is not difficult to imagine. Students in Sawa live in crowded military barracks in the most communal lifestyle anyone could imagine. Social distancing is not only impossible, but there is enforced physical proximity. None can justify that the benefits of this untimely pronouncement would outweigh the possible consequences. Many have been pleading for the government to reconsider its decision, in the face of pandemic. But the regime prefers to contribute to the fastest possible spread of the pandemic.

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Somali women demand guarantee of 30% of parliament in 2021 election

by Nita Bhalla and Mohammed Omer Somali parliament members raise up their hands to approve the appointment of Somalia’s new prime minister Mohamed Hussein Roble, in Mogadishu, Somalia September 23, 2020. REUTERS/Feisal Omar NAIROBI/GAROWE, Women’s rights groups, prominent businesswomen and female politicians in Somalia are urging the country’s male-dominated parliament to pass a bill reserving 30% of seats for women in next year’s general election. Women hold 24% of the 329 seats in Somalia’s lower and upper houses of parliament, according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), up from 14% in the previous election. In June, Somalia’s lower house approved a bill allowing for 30% of parliamentary seats to be reserved for women, but the bill has not been tabled before the upper house for approval. President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed did sign an agreement on with regional leaders in September which included the 30% quota – but women’s rights campaigners said this was not good enough. “We want this commitment on reserving 30% seats for women to be passed as legislation,” said Deqa Abdiqasim Salad, CEO of Hear Women, a charity working to strengthen the political voice of women in Somalia. “We are happy to have achieved 24% in the current parliament, but legislation is necessary to ensure that we do not lose the seats we have and help strengthen democracy by providing for a more representative voice in policy-making.” Salad is one of more than 135 signatories on a declaration calling for a 30% quota. Other signatories include Chair of the National Independent Electoral Commission Halima Ismail Ibrahim, prominent doctor Amina Aden Mohamed and women’s rights activist Luul Maxamed Feerayare. Somalia’s 79 female parliamentarians are also co-signatories. Supporters of gender quotas point to African countries such Rwanda, which leads the world with 55% of women occupying parliamentary seats, as an example of progressive governance. This was achieved by Rwanda’s 2003 Constitution stating women occupy 30% of all government decision-making bodies. The women’s quota system has been adopted by more than 100 countries to ensure women’s rights and participation in the political processes, said the declaration. Somali women have played a vital role in bringing peace and prosperity in their communities in a country which has been mired in conflict since 1991 – and now deserved the right to have a representative voice in parliament, it added. Elections are expected to take place in February 2021. The east African nation has high rates of child marriage and violence against women, including rape and female genital mutilation (FGM). The United Nations says 45% of women are married before 18, while 98% have undergone FGM. Women’s rights groups say a stronger voice at the top would have a trickle-down effect, helping women at the grassroots level fight abuse, discrimination and inequality. Zahro Yusuf, who is aspiring to run as a candidate in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu, said the reservation of seats for women was the only way to combat age-old sexist attitudes. “I’m keen to have a seat in parliament. But I have the fear in my mind that local traditional, regional leaders in my clan wouldn’t consider me to represent my community, even though I want to serve my nation.” Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

The upcoming election in Somalia, and the potential exogenous meddling!

- Advertisement -  Somalia is heading an election despite the enormous challenges that, the country is encountering including but not limited insecurity, political disagreements, and exogenous intervention. The incumbent president his Excellency Mohamed Abdullahi, aka Farmajo was campaigning since his election in February, 2017 that, his government will deliver One-Person One-Vote in 2020-21, but that target became pipe dream, and now the country is heading indirect-election where 101 delegates from the constituencies should elect each Member of Parliament (MPs), and who themselves will go on to vote for their choice for president  Somalia and Near Abroad: Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti When the civil strife has broken in Somalia in 1991, bunch of the Somali people fled the country, and went to the neighboring countries including Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. As a result, there are number of Somalia’s politicians, especially within the legislative and executive branches who have dual Kenyan, Ethiopian, or Djiboutian nationalities. And, they maintain good connections and networks with their secondary nations. Particularly, Kenya hosts one of the largest refugee camps in the world, and dominated by Somalis. In this regard, these countries may have a leverage one way or another on Somalia’s fragile politics. More specifically, these three-countries are part of AMISOM troops in Somalia which estimates more than 22,000 peace-keeping troops. Especially, Ethiopia has more than 4,000 troops under AMISOM troops in Somalia, and also there are other Ethiopian forces beyond AMISOM mandate in the country. Since, Abiy becomes the new PM in Ethiopia in April, 2018, the bilateral relations between Somalia and Ethiopia was blooming. Prime Minister Atto Abiy visited in Mogadishu, and welcomed by Somalia’s president his Excellency Farmajo in June, 2018, after two-months of Abiy’s premiership. The two-leaders agreed to expedite and enhance the diplomatic relationship among the two-states, and also to take away all the economic barriers. Additionally, Ethiopia’s hegemonic power in the region is flashy as Ethiopia remains the regional actor. International partners (Qatar, UAE, Saudi-Arabia) Since the incumbent government of Somalia which is leading by his Excellency president Mohamed Abdullahi, aka Farmajo takes the office in February, 2017, the diplomatic relationship between Somalia and UAE was exacerbating stubbornly. The standoff peaked after Farmajo’s government announced famously a neutral role towards the Gulf-crises which erupted in 2017. The Saudi-led coalition including UAE, Bahrain, and Egypt freaked out Somalia’s decision of neutrality, because it seems that, Somalia was unwittingly with Qatar. UAE is the biggest trade partner of Somalia. Moreover, UAE signed a military pact with Somalia in 2014, since then UAE was training Somalia’s soldiers, especially Emirati’s General Goordan military base. In 2018, Somalia’s government declared that, they will take over the soldiers trained by UAE, and they will pay their salaries. In April, 2018, Somalia’s security forces have grabbed $10 Million of cash money which surreptitiously came from Abu-Dhabi. UAE justified that, the money was earmarked the Somali troops trained by UAE, but Somalia’s government didn’t confirm UAE’s justification. But, many political commentators expressed that, the money was about to finance the oppositions against Farmajo’s government. Abu-Dhabi doesn’t have an influence only in Somalia, but also the Horn of Africa region. UAE participated ending the longest-feud in Africa among Ethiopia, and Eritrea in 2018. UAE augmented its involvement in the region by signing a deal with the self-proclaimed independent state, Somaliland, while there is a worsening relationship between Somalia, and Abu-Dhabi. The Emirati DP world company took over the seaport in Berbera where they want to build a military base for the long-term strategy. Somalia’s government nullified that deal, and denigrated that, UAE is violating Somalia’s sovereignty. As a result, Somalia cuts its ties with UAE, but still Abu-Dhabi’s iniquitous role in the region will remain. UAE has currently halted their plan to build a military base in Berbera-Somaliland, instead it will become a public airport according to the President of Somaliland his Excellency Muse Bihi. The flipside, UAE yet is financing oppositions, and some of the regional states against the federal government under the incumbent President Farmajo. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia has provided long-term financial support to Somalia. Despite having lead the efforts behind the regional blockade of Qatar, Riyadh’s anger towards Somalia for its neutrality in the affair was surprisingly muted. Some anticipate that Saudi Arabia will support candidates in the upcoming election in Somalia, which might be more aligned with the Kingdom’s leverage on Somalia. Turkey: Staunch Partner! Since 2011, the relationship between Somalia and Turkey has blossomed. Turkey aided Somalia during the deadly drought which erupted Somalia in 2011. The famine deluged all the livelihoods of the low-income people. Over 260,000 of people have been died as reported (Fews Net, 2013). The natural, and the man-made disasters was caused by droughts, and the fighting between Alshabaab, and the Somalia’s federal government backing by AMISOM troops. As a result, colossal of people have been displaced for their residents. Many countries around the world considered Somalia as a no-go area, while the vulnerable people including the children, and the elder people were dying enormously because of lack of nutrition, and care. Though, plenty of the UN agencies, and other humanitarian agencies declared that, Somalia is undertaking one of the worst humanitarian crisis, but many countries were hesitating and reluctant to offer humanitarian assistance. Now-President and then-Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan touched down in Mogadishu in August, 2011while the world is despised Somalia’s natural disaster. His visit was a milestone, and showed the world that despite its problems, the security of Somalia is dependable enough for foreign heads of state to visit. Moreover, his trip demonstrated the drastically urgent need for humanitarian assistance. His assertive decision caught the world’s attention, and increased humanitarian support for Somalia. Apart from the aid, the Turkish government promised to support Somalia the infrastructure by building schools, and hospitals. The Turkish government built the main roads of the capital city of Mogadishu, Maka-Almukarama road, the seaport of Mogadishu, offered trainings to the Somalia’s troops. Moreover, closely 100 Somali students get Turkish scholarships every year. Plenty of the talking heads opined that, Turkey has a long-term strategic plan to Somalia including but not limited (Oil Exploration). Since Somalia’s federal parliament endorsed three landmark bills including Company Law in 2018, Foreign Investment Law in 2015, and the Petroleum Law in 2019, the interests of the foreign countries towards Somalia was increasing incrementally. The Turkey’s investment projects in Somalia reaches 100 Million Dollars, which makes Turkish government, the biggest foreign investor. Though, Turkish-Somalia relationship traces back to the Ottoman Empire, but President Erdogan, formerly Prime Minister of Turkey’s visit expedited and invigorated their brotherly and sisterly relationship. Conclusions Somalia, as a country ravaged by war, crippled by conflicts, bestrode by internecine inter-clans, and intra-clan-conflicts, is currently recuperating, and bouncing back the legacy of the civil war in 1991. Though, Somalia is trying to leapfrog its past misfortunes, and bootstrap, but there is a conspicuous fragility when it comes to the security, and the politics. Because, Somalia has taken a federal system in 2004 in order to hammer out and deplete the long-standing vendetta among the community, yet that goal was not achieved so far, and federalism diluted and dwindled the unity, and the solidarity among the society which makes the situation blowback. Because, Somalia’s federalism is still amorphous and bleak, and every time, there is a rift among the federal government, and her peripherals based on the interpretations of the notorious provisional constitution, and the insatiable desires, and the unfathomable claims among each other. And this political volatility led Somalia to become susceptible for any meddling from the exogenous. For instance, when a new political disagreement among the federal government, and the states erupt, the neighboring countries, and the Gulf-countries support differently. In this regard, Somalia’s upcoming election will encounter a blatant intervention from the aforementioned countries. The former prime minister of Somalia his Excellency Abdiweli, aka Gaas told one of the Somali televisions that, “some of the Gulf-states are supporting to specific candidates for the upcoming election in Somalia which is totally disaster”. Anwar Abdifatah Bashir (Freelance Journalist/Independent Researcher, and Horn of Africa Geopolitics Analyst). The writer is also, the Author of four books including but not limited (Horn of Africa Geopolitics, with especial consideration, the Somali region in Ethiopia). He can be contacted:  [email protected] - Advertisement -

Sacuudiga oo si Cabsi ku jirta uga falceliyay Gefka Faransiiska u geesanayo Diinta Islaamka

- Advertisement - Sacuudi Carabiya ayaa cambaareysay sawir gacmeedyada loogu gefayo Nebi Muxamed NNKH, hase yeeshee waxay ka gaabsatay inay xoojiso baaqyada dalalka kale ee Islaamka ee lagu doonayo in lagu qaado ficil ka dhan ah sawirrada lagu soo bandhigay Faransiiska ee loola jeedo Nebiga NNKH. Sarkaal ka tirsan Wasaaradda Arrimaha Dibedda Sacuudiga ayaa sidoo kale bayaan ku sheegay in Riyadh ay cambaareyneyso dhammaan ficillada aragagixisada, ayada oo ay u muuqato in la tixraacayo macallin lagu gowracay magaalada Paris kadib markii uu sawir gacmeed lagu sheegay Nebiga NNKH uu kusoo bandhigay fasalka, isaga oo cuskanaya xoriyadda hadalka. “Xoriyadda hadalka iyo dhaqanka waa inay tusaale u noqdaan xushmad, dulqaad iyo nabad lagu diido ku dhaqanka ficillada naceybka, rabshadaha iyo xagjirnimada kasoo horjeeda wada-jirka,” ayaa lagu yiri bayaanka ay baahisay warbaahinta dowladda. Wargeyska Arab News ee Sacuudiga ayaa Talaadadii kasoo xigtay madaxa Ururka Dalalka Islaamka ee fadhiggiisu yahay Sacuudiga Mohammed Al-Issa inuu ka degay fal-celin xad dhaaf ah, taasi oo uu ku sheegay “mid taban oo ka baxsan waxa la aqbali karo,” islamarkaana faa’iido u ah kaliya “kuwa wax neceb”. Sawir gacmeedyada lagu matalayo Suubanaha NNKH ayaa waxaa markii ugu horreysay sameeyey wargeys Faransiis ah, kaasi oo xafiisyadiisa ay 2015-kii weerareen dabley Islaamiyiin ah, kuna dileen 12 qof. Wixii ka dambeeyey gowraca macallinka, sawiradaas ayaa lagu soo bandhigay Faransiiska ayada oo isaga taageero loogu muujinayo. Madaxweynaha Turkey Reccep Tayyip Erdogan ayaa ku baaqay in la qaadaco badeecadaha Faransiiska, halka baarlamanka Pakistan uu meel mariyey qaraar ku boorinaya dowladda inay u yeerto safiirkeeda Paris. Gudaha Sacuudiga, qaadacaad ka dhan ah badeecadaha Faransiiska ayaa aad looga hadal hayey baraha bulshada, hase yeeshee Reuters ayaa werisay in Isniintii magaalada Riyadh ay walba caadi u muuqdeen. Source-VOA Xafiiska Shabakada Allbanaadir.comMuqdisho [email protected] - Advertisement -

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Somali women demand guarantee of 30% of parliament in 2021 election

by Nita Bhalla and Mohammed Omer Somali parliament members raise up their hands to approve the appointment of Somalia’s new prime minister Mohamed Hussein Roble, in Mogadishu, Somalia September 23, 2020. REUTERS/Feisal Omar NAIROBI/GAROWE, Women’s rights groups, prominent businesswomen and female politicians in Somalia are urging the country’s male-dominated parliament to pass a bill reserving 30% of seats for women in next year’s general election. Women hold 24% of the 329 seats in Somalia’s lower and upper houses of parliament, according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), up from 14% in the previous election. In June, Somalia’s lower house approved a bill allowing for 30% of parliamentary seats to be reserved for women, but the bill has not been tabled before the upper house for approval. President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed did sign an agreement on with regional leaders in September which included the 30% quota – but women’s rights campaigners said this was not good enough. “We want this commitment on reserving 30% seats for women to be passed as legislation,” said Deqa Abdiqasim Salad, CEO of Hear Women, a charity working to strengthen the political voice of women in Somalia. “We are happy to have achieved 24% in the current parliament, but legislation is necessary to ensure that we do not lose the seats we have and help strengthen democracy by providing for a more representative voice in policy-making.” Salad is one of more than 135 signatories on a declaration calling for a 30% quota. Other signatories include Chair of the National Independent Electoral Commission Halima Ismail Ibrahim, prominent doctor Amina Aden Mohamed and women’s rights activist Luul Maxamed Feerayare. Somalia’s 79 female parliamentarians are also co-signatories. Supporters of gender quotas point to African countries such Rwanda, which leads the world with 55% of women occupying parliamentary seats, as an example of progressive governance. This was achieved by Rwanda’s 2003 Constitution stating women occupy 30% of all government decision-making bodies. The women’s quota system has been adopted by more than 100 countries to ensure women’s rights and participation in the political processes, said the declaration. Somali women have played a vital role in bringing peace and prosperity in their communities in a country which has been mired in conflict since 1991 – and now deserved the right to have a representative voice in parliament, it added. Elections are expected to take place in February 2021. The east African nation has high rates of child marriage and violence against women, including rape and female genital mutilation (FGM). The United Nations says 45% of women are married before 18, while 98% have undergone FGM. Women’s rights groups say a stronger voice at the top would have a trickle-down effect, helping women at the grassroots level fight abuse, discrimination and inequality. Zahro Yusuf, who is aspiring to run as a candidate in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu, said the reservation of seats for women was the only way to combat age-old sexist attitudes. “I’m keen to have a seat in parliament. But I have the fear in my mind that local traditional, regional leaders in my clan wouldn’t consider me to represent my community, even though I want to serve my nation.” Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

The upcoming election in Somalia, and the potential exogenous meddling!

- Advertisement -  Somalia is heading an election despite the enormous challenges that, the country is encountering including but not limited insecurity, political disagreements, and exogenous intervention. The incumbent president his Excellency Mohamed Abdullahi, aka Farmajo was campaigning since his election in February, 2017 that, his government will deliver One-Person One-Vote in 2020-21, but that target became pipe dream, and now the country is heading indirect-election where 101 delegates from the constituencies should elect each Member of Parliament (MPs), and who themselves will go on to vote for their choice for president  Somalia and Near Abroad: Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti When the civil strife has broken in Somalia in 1991, bunch of the Somali people fled the country, and went to the neighboring countries including Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. As a result, there are number of Somalia’s politicians, especially within the legislative and executive branches who have dual Kenyan, Ethiopian, or Djiboutian nationalities. And, they maintain good connections and networks with their secondary nations. Particularly, Kenya hosts one of the largest refugee camps in the world, and dominated by Somalis. In this regard, these countries may have a leverage one way or another on Somalia’s fragile politics. More specifically, these three-countries are part of AMISOM troops in Somalia which estimates more than 22,000 peace-keeping troops. Especially, Ethiopia has more than 4,000 troops under AMISOM troops in Somalia, and also there are other Ethiopian forces beyond AMISOM mandate in the country. Since, Abiy becomes the new PM in Ethiopia in April, 2018, the bilateral relations between Somalia and Ethiopia was blooming. Prime Minister Atto Abiy visited in Mogadishu, and welcomed by Somalia’s president his Excellency Farmajo in June, 2018, after two-months of Abiy’s premiership. The two-leaders agreed to expedite and enhance the diplomatic relationship among the two-states, and also to take away all the economic barriers. Additionally, Ethiopia’s hegemonic power in the region is flashy as Ethiopia remains the regional actor. International partners (Qatar, UAE, Saudi-Arabia) Since the incumbent government of Somalia which is leading by his Excellency president Mohamed Abdullahi, aka Farmajo takes the office in February, 2017, the diplomatic relationship between Somalia and UAE was exacerbating stubbornly. The standoff peaked after Farmajo’s government announced famously a neutral role towards the Gulf-crises which erupted in 2017. The Saudi-led coalition including UAE, Bahrain, and Egypt freaked out Somalia’s decision of neutrality, because it seems that, Somalia was unwittingly with Qatar. UAE is the biggest trade partner of Somalia. Moreover, UAE signed a military pact with Somalia in 2014, since then UAE was training Somalia’s soldiers, especially Emirati’s General Goordan military base. In 2018, Somalia’s government declared that, they will take over the soldiers trained by UAE, and they will pay their salaries. In April, 2018, Somalia’s security forces have grabbed $10 Million of cash money which surreptitiously came from Abu-Dhabi. UAE justified that, the money was earmarked the Somali troops trained by UAE, but Somalia’s government didn’t confirm UAE’s justification. But, many political commentators expressed that, the money was about to finance the oppositions against Farmajo’s government. Abu-Dhabi doesn’t have an influence only in Somalia, but also the Horn of Africa region. UAE participated ending the longest-feud in Africa among Ethiopia, and Eritrea in 2018. UAE augmented its involvement in the region by signing a deal with the self-proclaimed independent state, Somaliland, while there is a worsening relationship between Somalia, and Abu-Dhabi. The Emirati DP world company took over the seaport in Berbera where they want to build a military base for the long-term strategy. Somalia’s government nullified that deal, and denigrated that, UAE is violating Somalia’s sovereignty. As a result, Somalia cuts its ties with UAE, but still Abu-Dhabi’s iniquitous role in the region will remain. UAE has currently halted their plan to build a military base in Berbera-Somaliland, instead it will become a public airport according to the President of Somaliland his Excellency Muse Bihi. The flipside, UAE yet is financing oppositions, and some of the regional states against the federal government under the incumbent President Farmajo. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia has provided long-term financial support to Somalia. Despite having lead the efforts behind the regional blockade of Qatar, Riyadh’s anger towards Somalia for its neutrality in the affair was surprisingly muted. Some anticipate that Saudi Arabia will support candidates in the upcoming election in Somalia, which might be more aligned with the Kingdom’s leverage on Somalia. Turkey: Staunch Partner! Since 2011, the relationship between Somalia and Turkey has blossomed. Turkey aided Somalia during the deadly drought which erupted Somalia in 2011. The famine deluged all the livelihoods of the low-income people. Over 260,000 of people have been died as reported (Fews Net, 2013). The natural, and the man-made disasters was caused by droughts, and the fighting between Alshabaab, and the Somalia’s federal government backing by AMISOM troops. As a result, colossal of people have been displaced for their residents. Many countries around the world considered Somalia as a no-go area, while the vulnerable people including the children, and the elder people were dying enormously because of lack of nutrition, and care. Though, plenty of the UN agencies, and other humanitarian agencies declared that, Somalia is undertaking one of the worst humanitarian crisis, but many countries were hesitating and reluctant to offer humanitarian assistance. Now-President and then-Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan touched down in Mogadishu in August, 2011while the world is despised Somalia’s natural disaster. His visit was a milestone, and showed the world that despite its problems, the security of Somalia is dependable enough for foreign heads of state to visit. Moreover, his trip demonstrated the drastically urgent need for humanitarian assistance. His assertive decision caught the world’s attention, and increased humanitarian support for Somalia. Apart from the aid, the Turkish government promised to support Somalia the infrastructure by building schools, and hospitals. The Turkish government built the main roads of the capital city of Mogadishu, Maka-Almukarama road, the seaport of Mogadishu, offered trainings to the Somalia’s troops. Moreover, closely 100 Somali students get Turkish scholarships every year. Plenty of the talking heads opined that, Turkey has a long-term strategic plan to Somalia including but not limited (Oil Exploration). Since Somalia’s federal parliament endorsed three landmark bills including Company Law in 2018, Foreign Investment Law in 2015, and the Petroleum Law in 2019, the interests of the foreign countries towards Somalia was increasing incrementally. The Turkey’s investment projects in Somalia reaches 100 Million Dollars, which makes Turkish government, the biggest foreign investor. Though, Turkish-Somalia relationship traces back to the Ottoman Empire, but President Erdogan, formerly Prime Minister of Turkey’s visit expedited and invigorated their brotherly and sisterly relationship. Conclusions Somalia, as a country ravaged by war, crippled by conflicts, bestrode by internecine inter-clans, and intra-clan-conflicts, is currently recuperating, and bouncing back the legacy of the civil war in 1991. Though, Somalia is trying to leapfrog its past misfortunes, and bootstrap, but there is a conspicuous fragility when it comes to the security, and the politics. Because, Somalia has taken a federal system in 2004 in order to hammer out and deplete the long-standing vendetta among the community, yet that goal was not achieved so far, and federalism diluted and dwindled the unity, and the solidarity among the society which makes the situation blowback. Because, Somalia’s federalism is still amorphous and bleak, and every time, there is a rift among the federal government, and her peripherals based on the interpretations of the notorious provisional constitution, and the insatiable desires, and the unfathomable claims among each other. And this political volatility led Somalia to become susceptible for any meddling from the exogenous. For instance, when a new political disagreement among the federal government, and the states erupt, the neighboring countries, and the Gulf-countries support differently. In this regard, Somalia’s upcoming election will encounter a blatant intervention from the aforementioned countries. The former prime minister of Somalia his Excellency Abdiweli, aka Gaas told one of the Somali televisions that, “some of the Gulf-states are supporting to specific candidates for the upcoming election in Somalia which is totally disaster”. Anwar Abdifatah Bashir (Freelance Journalist/Independent Researcher, and Horn of Africa Geopolitics Analyst). The writer is also, the Author of four books including but not limited (Horn of Africa Geopolitics, with especial consideration, the Somali region in Ethiopia). He can be contacted:  [email protected] - Advertisement -

Sacuudiga oo si Cabsi ku jirta uga falceliyay Gefka Faransiiska u geesanayo Diinta Islaamka

- Advertisement - Sacuudi Carabiya ayaa cambaareysay sawir gacmeedyada loogu gefayo Nebi Muxamed NNKH, hase yeeshee waxay ka gaabsatay inay xoojiso baaqyada dalalka kale ee Islaamka ee lagu doonayo in lagu qaado ficil ka dhan ah sawirrada lagu soo bandhigay Faransiiska ee loola jeedo Nebiga NNKH. Sarkaal ka tirsan Wasaaradda Arrimaha Dibedda Sacuudiga ayaa sidoo kale bayaan ku sheegay in Riyadh ay cambaareyneyso dhammaan ficillada aragagixisada, ayada oo ay u muuqato in la tixraacayo macallin lagu gowracay magaalada Paris kadib markii uu sawir gacmeed lagu sheegay Nebiga NNKH uu kusoo bandhigay fasalka, isaga oo cuskanaya xoriyadda hadalka. “Xoriyadda hadalka iyo dhaqanka waa inay tusaale u noqdaan xushmad, dulqaad iyo nabad lagu diido ku dhaqanka ficillada naceybka, rabshadaha iyo xagjirnimada kasoo horjeeda wada-jirka,” ayaa lagu yiri bayaanka ay baahisay warbaahinta dowladda. Wargeyska Arab News ee Sacuudiga ayaa Talaadadii kasoo xigtay madaxa Ururka Dalalka Islaamka ee fadhiggiisu yahay Sacuudiga Mohammed Al-Issa inuu ka degay fal-celin xad dhaaf ah, taasi oo uu ku sheegay “mid taban oo ka baxsan waxa la aqbali karo,” islamarkaana faa’iido u ah kaliya “kuwa wax neceb”. Sawir gacmeedyada lagu matalayo Suubanaha NNKH ayaa waxaa markii ugu horreysay sameeyey wargeys Faransiis ah, kaasi oo xafiisyadiisa ay 2015-kii weerareen dabley Islaamiyiin ah, kuna dileen 12 qof. Wixii ka dambeeyey gowraca macallinka, sawiradaas ayaa lagu soo bandhigay Faransiiska ayada oo isaga taageero loogu muujinayo. Madaxweynaha Turkey Reccep Tayyip Erdogan ayaa ku baaqay in la qaadaco badeecadaha Faransiiska, halka baarlamanka Pakistan uu meel mariyey qaraar ku boorinaya dowladda inay u yeerto safiirkeeda Paris. Gudaha Sacuudiga, qaadacaad ka dhan ah badeecadaha Faransiiska ayaa aad looga hadal hayey baraha bulshada, hase yeeshee Reuters ayaa werisay in Isniintii magaalada Riyadh ay walba caadi u muuqdeen. Source-VOA Xafiiska Shabakada Allbanaadir.comMuqdisho [email protected] - Advertisement -

Afar dowladood oo lacagta ugu badan ku bixinaya doorashada Soomaaliya

Muqdisho (Caasimada Online) – Olalaha doorashada Soomaaliya ee 2020/2021-ka ayaa si weyn uga socdo wadamada dariska la ah Soomaaliya, waxaana la sheegayaa in dowladaha qaar ay lacag ku  bixinayaan sidii ay usoo saari lahaayeen siyaasiin ay ku aragti yihiin si ay berri uga helaan danahooda gaarka ah. Siyaasiinta ayaa ololahooda doorashada ka wada dalalka Qatar, Turkiga, Imaaraadka iyo Kenya, waxaana dhowr jeer safaro ku kala tagay siyaasiin badan halka qaarkoodna ay Soomaaliya usoo dirsadeen wakiilo la kulama madaxda Qaranka. Wadamada Imaaraadka Carabta iyo Kenya ayaa damacsan in Villa Somalia doorasho uga saaraan Madaxweyne Farmaajo islamarkaana ay halkaas geeyaan siyaasiin ku aragti ah maadaama uu Farmaajo dagaal siyaasadeed weyn uu la galay dowladahaan, halka dowladaha Qatar iyo Turkiga ay dhankooda lacag malaayiin doolar ah Soomaaliya gelinayaan si ay Farmaajo ugu sii hayaan ama qof kale u keenaan, haddii aysan qorshahooda koowaad ku guuleysan. “Dowladaha Kenya iyo Imaaraadka ma jiro qof ay isku raacsan yihiin laakiin waxay ka siman yihiin aragtida ah in Farmaajo booska baneeyo, halka Qatar iyo Turkiga ay ka siman yihiin Farmaajo sii joogo ama qof kale keensadaan, labadaan dowladoodna waa isku aragti waliba iska war qaba,” ayuu yiri Nuur Shariif, oo ah aqoonyahaan bartay siyaasadda, dalkana xog ogaal u ah. “Muqdisho wax olole ah miyaa ka socda?, ololihii doorashada waxay u weecdeen dibadda mar kastana siyaasi gadaal ay ka riixeyso dowlad kale waxba dalkan uma galo, waan soo aragnay haddana waan aragnaa in Qatar dalkan siday rabto ka yeelaneyso marka Soomaalida uma fiicno sidaan,” ayuu hadalkiisa sii raaciyay Nuur Shariif. Magaalada Muqdisho waxaa soo gaaray wafuud ka socoto dowladaha carabta qaarkood oo taageersan madaxda Soomaaliya ee hadda talada heyso halka mucaaradka qaarkoodna ay dalalkooda ugu tageen. Sidoo kale qaar kamid ah madaxdii hore ee dalka ayaa ku sugan wadamada dariska waxeyna wararka ugu badan sheegayaan in ay kulamo la qaadanayaan madaxda dowladaha ay martida u yihiin si ay ugu guuleestaan doorashada Soomaaliya.

Madaxweynaha Somaliland oo Luuqad Adag kula hadlay Hay’adaha QM iyo Cadowga Somaliland

October 28, 2020 | Published by: own Hargeysa (OWN)- Madaxweynaha Somaliland Md Muuse Biixi Cabdi, ayaa Wakiilka Xoghayaha Guud ee Qaramada Midoobay u qaabilsan Arrimaha Soomaalida ku eedeeyey inuu wado shirqoollo qarsoon oo lagu dibin-daabyeynayo qarannimada Somaliland. Madaxweyne Biixi oo khudbad ka jeediyey shirka 7aad ee Golaha Dhexe ee Xisbiga Kulmiye, waxa kale oo uu caddeeyey in mudnaanta koowaad ee xukuumadda uu hoggaamiyaa yahay ilaalinta qarannimada iyo madax-bannaannida Somaliland, islamarkaana aan cidna looga habranaynin difaaca qarannimada Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland. [embedded content]