Wednesday, November 25, 2020

Eritrea: Scientists Ponder tools in brucellosis fight

ASMARA (HAN) September 16. 2020. Public Diplomacy and Regional Stability Initiatives News. Monitoring Regional Issues. Brucellosis, which is also known as Undulant fever, Malta fever, and Mediterranean fever, is a highly contagious disease mainly caused by consuming unpasteurized milk, raw and undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions. Although human to human transmission is rare, it can be spread through breastfeeding and sexual contact.

Brucellosis H Eritrea: Scientists Ponder tools in brucellosis fight

It is believed that brucellosis is more preponderant in less developing countries, although it is not eradicated in developed ones. Knowledge about the prevalence of brucellosis in a country is crucial to setting up a strategy to control and eradicate the disease. For this reason, the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) in Eritrea has been carrying out serological surveys for many years to be able to estimate the seroprevalence of brucellosis in dairy cattle and to draft strategies for control and eradication of the disease in the country.

In Eritrea, with its estimated indigenous resource of about 1.65 million tropical livestock units, agriculture and livestock are regarded as one of the most important sectors for developing the country’s economy. Surveys by the MoA show farmers employ three cattle husbandry methods: intensive urban and semi-urban method, extensive mixed crop-livestock method used in the southern highlands, and the traditional pastoral method used in the western and eastern lowlands. The traditional pastoral method is believed to be the reason for an increase in the number of brucellosis-infected humans, as traditional herds-men tend to constantly consume unpasteurized milk.

The percentage of dairy cattle infection with brucella is generally low in Eritrea. In 7,979 tests for bovine brucellosis that were carried out throughout the five regions, 2.9% (230) of the cattle were positive.Perspectives for the Treatment of Brucellosis in the 21st Century: The  Ioannina Recommendations

Follow-up testing is underway with a focus on the Central and Southern regions, the two regions where the majority of dairy cattle are located and dairy production is common.

In Anseba region, livestock owners volunteered to cull reactor animals. The MoA has been implementing programs such as the elimination of brucella reactors, payment of an indemnity or compensation for slaughter of reactors, testing and quarantine of imported herds, veterinary service provision in all sub-zones, prohibiting the sale of milk from TB and brucella infected cows, sensitisation of dairy farmers and consumers through the provision of information.

Untitled 6 3 Eritrea: Scientists Ponder tools in brucellosis fight

Dr. Yonas Weldu, Director of Animal and Plant Health, said the main way of preventing brucellosis is by using fastidious hygiene in producing raw milk products, or by pasteurizing all milk (in its
unaltered form or as a derivative, such as cheese) that is meant for human consumption. He added that individual animal testing should be practiced both for trade and for disease-control.

“Above all raising awareness is the key. Simple facts like ‘Brucella species are readily killed by most commonly available disinfectants, including acid solutions, 70% ethanol containing products, and sodium’ should be constantly advertised,” Dr. Yonas emphasized. Although the World Organization for Animal Health Manual of Diagnostic Test and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals has been suggesting for all cattle of age 3–8 months to receive the Brucella aborts strain 19 vaccines, encouraged by the decreasing cases every year Eritrea was not practicing it. But with the resurgence of some cases in the town Gindae the MoA is taking all measures to apply the procedure.

Brucellosis Algeria outbreak What is Brucellosis Is it dangerous 1022532 Eritrea: Scientists Ponder tools in brucellosis fight

Dr. Yonas calls on farmers to be careful when they bring in new livestock to their farms; he advises them to isolate the new arrivals and get them tested before mixing them with the herd. He also cautioned farmers that the infection is reported to be widespread in neighboring countries, including Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. As movement of animals between Eritrea and the Sudan and between Eritrea and Ethiopia is widespread, it is more than likely for the infection to spread in Eritrea.

In an effort to raise awareness about the spread of brucellosis and other communicable diseases, the MoA has on June 2 given a training workshop on disease outbreak investigation, proper field sample collection, transportation, preservation and laboratory disease diagnosis techniques, transportation and packing of biological material as per the regulation of the International Air Transportation Association (IATA).

————————————————————————————————————————————-

Geeska Afrika Online (1985-2020), the oldest free independent Free Press in the region, brings together top journalists from across the Horn of Africa. Including Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya. Plus, we have daily News From 150 major news organizations in the Middle East and East African regions. Contact at [email protected]

Related Articles

Soomaaliya: Hala Xaqiijiyo Inay Caddaalad Helaan Shaqaalihii Caafimaadka Ee La Laayay

Waa In La Xoojiyo Baaritaaanka Joogsaday Ee Siddeedii Qof Ee Lagu Dilay Tuulada Nairobi, Mas’uuliyiinta Soomaaliya waa inay xoojiyaan baaritaanka ay ku hayeen dhacdadii Mey 2020 ee inta todobo hawlwadeenno caafimaad iyo qof bartay dawada la afduubtay, kadibna sida muuqata … Continued The post Soomaaliya: Hala Xaqiijiyo Inay Caddaalad Helaan Shaqaalihii Caafimaadka Ee La Laayay appeared first on WardheerNews .

600 civilians were killed in massacre in Tigray, Ethiopia’s rights commission says

The Um Rakuba refugee camp in eastern Sudan on Monday. Tens of thousands of people have fled the conflict in Ethiopia, sometimes so quickly they had to leave family behind. There is not enough to feed them in the remote area of southern Sudan that they rushed to. (Nariman El-Mofty/APBy Lesley Wroughton Hundreds of people in a town in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region were stabbed, strangled and hacked to death in an apparent ethnically based attack that may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes, Ethiopia’s human rights watchdog said Tuesday. The commission said at least 600 people were killed in the town of Mai Kadra in western Tigray on Nov. 9 when local youths known as Samri, aided by the then-local administration, went door to door killing those they identified as from the minority Amhara and Wolkait ethnic groups. The killings took place throughout the night of Nov. 9 as security forces of the region’s ruling Tigray People’s Liberation Front, or TPLF, were retreating from the advance of federal government troops, the commission said. The victims were beaten to death with sticks, stabbed with knives, machetes and hatchets, and strangled with ropes, according to the report. Many others were severely injured and property looted or destroyed, the commission said. “The killings, bodily and mental injury, as well as the destruction that went on throughout the night . . . indicate the commission of grave human rights violations which may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes,” the commission said. The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission’s findings could not be independently verified, but they echo similar accounts reported earlier by Amnesty International, which cited witness statements, photos and videos as evidence. The commission’s findings, the result of a week-long investigation in the town, are the first evidence of possible war crimes being committed in Tigray, where government troops and TPLF forces have been fighting since Nov. 4 in a conflict many fear could destabilize the Horn of Africa. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in a statement called the commission’s findings “heart-wrenching” and urged the international community “to condemn these atrocious acts of crimes against humanity.” There was no immediate response to the commission’s report from the TPLF. The regional government and refugees fleeing the fighting have accused government forces of targeting ethnic Tigrayans. The commission warned that the death toll from the massacre could be much higher, as many people were still missing and bodies were hidden in fields outside the town. Survivors told investigators that some residents in the town hid people in their homes, in churches and in farm fields as the Samri gangs raided the town. “The unimaginably atrocious crime committed against civilians for no reason other than their ethnicity is heartbreaking,” the commission’s chief, Daniel Bekele, said in a statement, calling for the perpetrators of the attacks to be brought to justice. Abiy, who comes from the Oromo, the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, on Sunday issued a 72-hour ultimatum to Tigray’s leaders and combatants to surrender before government forces attack the capital Mekele, with a population of about half a million. The deadline is Wednesday. The conflict erupted when Abiy sent troops to Tigray after the TPLF army and local militia attacked government military bases in the region and tried to steal artillery and other military equipment. The conflict spread across the border to Eritrea when Tigrayan forces fired several rockets at its capital and sent at least 40,000 refugees fleeing into Sudan. Source: The Washington Post

Stay Connected

21,088FansLike
2,453FollowersFollow
0SubscribersSubscribe

Latest Articles

Soomaaliya: Hala Xaqiijiyo Inay Caddaalad Helaan Shaqaalihii Caafimaadka Ee La Laayay

Waa In La Xoojiyo Baaritaaanka Joogsaday Ee Siddeedii Qof Ee Lagu Dilay Tuulada Nairobi, Mas’uuliyiinta Soomaaliya waa inay xoojiyaan baaritaanka ay ku hayeen dhacdadii Mey 2020 ee inta todobo hawlwadeenno caafimaad iyo qof bartay dawada la afduubtay, kadibna sida muuqata … Continued The post Soomaaliya: Hala Xaqiijiyo Inay Caddaalad Helaan Shaqaalihii Caafimaadka Ee La Laayay appeared first on WardheerNews .

600 civilians were killed in massacre in Tigray, Ethiopia’s rights commission says

The Um Rakuba refugee camp in eastern Sudan on Monday. Tens of thousands of people have fled the conflict in Ethiopia, sometimes so quickly they had to leave family behind. There is not enough to feed them in the remote area of southern Sudan that they rushed to. (Nariman El-Mofty/APBy Lesley Wroughton Hundreds of people in a town in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region were stabbed, strangled and hacked to death in an apparent ethnically based attack that may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes, Ethiopia’s human rights watchdog said Tuesday. The commission said at least 600 people were killed in the town of Mai Kadra in western Tigray on Nov. 9 when local youths known as Samri, aided by the then-local administration, went door to door killing those they identified as from the minority Amhara and Wolkait ethnic groups. The killings took place throughout the night of Nov. 9 as security forces of the region’s ruling Tigray People’s Liberation Front, or TPLF, were retreating from the advance of federal government troops, the commission said. The victims were beaten to death with sticks, stabbed with knives, machetes and hatchets, and strangled with ropes, according to the report. Many others were severely injured and property looted or destroyed, the commission said. “The killings, bodily and mental injury, as well as the destruction that went on throughout the night . . . indicate the commission of grave human rights violations which may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes,” the commission said. The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission’s findings could not be independently verified, but they echo similar accounts reported earlier by Amnesty International, which cited witness statements, photos and videos as evidence. The commission’s findings, the result of a week-long investigation in the town, are the first evidence of possible war crimes being committed in Tigray, where government troops and TPLF forces have been fighting since Nov. 4 in a conflict many fear could destabilize the Horn of Africa. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in a statement called the commission’s findings “heart-wrenching” and urged the international community “to condemn these atrocious acts of crimes against humanity.” There was no immediate response to the commission’s report from the TPLF. The regional government and refugees fleeing the fighting have accused government forces of targeting ethnic Tigrayans. The commission warned that the death toll from the massacre could be much higher, as many people were still missing and bodies were hidden in fields outside the town. Survivors told investigators that some residents in the town hid people in their homes, in churches and in farm fields as the Samri gangs raided the town. “The unimaginably atrocious crime committed against civilians for no reason other than their ethnicity is heartbreaking,” the commission’s chief, Daniel Bekele, said in a statement, calling for the perpetrators of the attacks to be brought to justice. Abiy, who comes from the Oromo, the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, on Sunday issued a 72-hour ultimatum to Tigray’s leaders and combatants to surrender before government forces attack the capital Mekele, with a population of about half a million. The deadline is Wednesday. The conflict erupted when Abiy sent troops to Tigray after the TPLF army and local militia attacked government military bases in the region and tried to steal artillery and other military equipment. The conflict spread across the border to Eritrea when Tigrayan forces fired several rockets at its capital and sent at least 40,000 refugees fleeing into Sudan. Source: The Washington Post

Daaw Maama Shariifo Maxay ka tiri Madaxweyne Farmaajo, Kulankii Musharixiinta iyo Haweenka

The post Daaw Maama Shariifo Maxay ka tiri Madaxweyne Farmaajo, Kulankii Musharixiinta iyo Haweenka appeared first on .

Kooxaha Sida Rasmiga Ah Isaga Xaadiriyay Wareega 16-ka Champions League

Waxa la ciyaaray qayb ka mid ah wareega Group-yada tartanka champions League xilli ciyaareedkan iyada oo ay jiraan kooxo haatanba iska xaadiriyay wareega 16-ka ee champions League. Inkasta oo uu 2 kulan ka dhiman yihiin dhamaadka wareega Group-yada tartanka champions League waxa jira kooxo haatanba iska xaadiriyay wareega 16-ka. Waxa jira kooxo noqday kuwii ugu horeeyay ee goostay tigidhkooda wareega 16-ka tartanka champions League xilli ciyaareedkan. Hadaba Halkan Hoose Kaga Bogo Kooxaha Ilaa Haatan U Gudbay wareega 16-ka Champions League: Barcelona, Juventus Chelsea, Sevilla